The Washington State University Catalog

School of Biological Sciences

The online catalog includes the most recent changes to courses and degree requirements that have been approved by the Faculty Senate, including changes that are not yet effective.

School of Biological Sciences

sbs.wsu.edu
Abelson 301
509-335-3553

Professor and Director, P. Carter; Professor and Associate Director of Graduate Program, R. Gomulkiewicz; Professor and Associate Director of Undergraduate Program, R.D. Evans; Professor and Associate Director of Research, A. Cousins; Professors, K. Beerman, J. Bishop (Vancouver), S. Bollens (Vancouver), J. Busch, H. Hellmann, M. Knoblauch, C. Portfors (Vancouver), E. Roalson, C. Robbins, C. Schultz (Vancouver), H. Schwabl, M. Skinner, A. Storfer, M. Tegeder; Associate Professors, J. Brunner, A. Cavagnetto, O. Cornejo, E. Crespi, W. Dowd, M. Dybdahl, J. Kelley, A. McCubbin, E. Schwartz, P. Verrell, H. Watts; Assistant Professors, T. Cheeke (Tri-Cities), J. Pioviah-Scott (Vancouver), S. Porter (Vancouver), J. Zambrano; Associate Professors, Career Track, L. Carloye, K. McAteer (Tri-Cities) S. Ritchie, E. Sweet (Tri-Cities); Assistant Professors, Career Track, D. Allison, N. Ankrah, M. Berger (Vancouver), E. Johnson, M. Jorgensen, D. Monk; Senior Instructor, D. Wilmington (Vancouver); Research Faculty, E. Nilsson; Professors Emeriti, R. A. Black, G. Edwards, L. Hufford, R. Johnson, M. Ku, J. Larsen, R. Mack, J. Mallatt, D. Miller, D. Moffett, S. Moffett, C. Omoto, J. Paznokas, P. Schroeder, G. Thorgaard, E. Uribe.

The School of Biological Sciences offers training in molecular, cellular, organismal, ecological/environmental and evolutionary biology. The School offers Bachelor of Science degree programs in Biology and Zoology, a Bachelor of Arts in Human Biology, and Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy programs in Biology and Plant Biology. The School also offers undergraduate minors in Zoology and Biology, and the Certificate in Quantitative Biology, provided in collaboration with the Department of Mathematics.

Facilities

There are modern facilities for study of molecular and genomics, cellular biology, genetics, plant and animal physiology, anatomy and ultrastructure, functional morphology, ecology, molecular systematics, behavior, ecology, and environmental and evolutionary biology. The University's location is conducive to field studies at sites such as the 800 acre George E. Hudson Biological Preserve at Smoot Hill and nearby public lands. Special facilities include the Franceschi Microscopy and Imaging Center, plant growth facilities, a laboratory for bioanalysis and biotechnology with facilities for genotyping, DNA sequencing, and genomics, the WSU Stable Isotope Core Facility for stable isotope analyses, and the collections of the Charles R. Conner Museum of Natural History and the Marion Ownbey Herbarium.

Cooperation with many other campus units extends research opportunities. Cooperative arrangements with faculty in units such as Molecular Biosciences, Animal Sciences, Environment, and the College of Veterinary Medicine are readily achieved.

Undergraduate Programs

Introductory biological sciences courses provide background in the concepts common to life sciences and an overview of the diversity of animals, plants, and microorganisms. Advanced biological sciences courses probe specific areas in depth. Undergraduate coursework in either biology or zoology prepares students to pursue career opportunities in ecology and environmental biology, laboratory research and biotechnology, human health, animal health and welfare, plant biology, entomology, education, and a variety of other biological specializations.

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Biology or the Bachelor of Science in Zoology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described elsewhere in this catalog. Requirements for admission to the majors, University degree requirements, and the School and the individual degree option requirements can be found in the individual schedules of studies for the degree options.

We expect that students graduating with a Bachelor of Science in Biology or Zoology will meet the following learning outcomes: (1) have a mastery of fundamental biological concepts and an ability to integrate this conceptual knowledge across different subfields within the discipline; (2) use critical thinking and scientific skills to analyze and solve biological problems; (3) effectively communicate biological problems and solutions to the scientific community and the public at-large in writing and in oral discussion; (4) have the ability to formulate logical hypotheses, to test hypotheses using quantitative and other appropriate methods involving collection and analysis of data, and to make valid inferences from experimental results; (5) identify and access the central body of knowledge in biology or zoology through utilization of a wide range of methods for researching the primary literature; (6) use scientific literacy and knowledge of biology or zoology to analyze contemporary social, cultural, and environmental issues to make informed rational decisions. 

Biology

Seven options are available for the Bachelor of Science degree in Biology: general biology, biology education, plant biology, ecology/evolutionary biology, entomology, pre-physical therapy/pre-occupational therapy/pre-physician assistant, and basic medical sciences. Each option includes a common core curriculum plus additional specialized courses. The general biology option provides broad training in the life sciences, particularly for students seeking to continue in professional or graduate school. The biology education option is particularly suitable for students who would like to teach biology at the high school level. The plant biology option is available for students with a special interest in plants and serves students who would like careers in plant sciences or to pursue graduate studies. The ecology/evolutionary biology option provides a concentration on ecological and evolutionary biology to address interests in such fields as environmental and wildlife biology. The entomology option is available for students who wish to focus on insect biology. The pre-physical therapy/pre-occupational therapy/pre-physician assistant option is designed for students who would like to pursue studies in physical therapy, occupational therapy, or physician assistant programs. The basic medical sciences option supports students who aim for a career in the health fields, including professional training in medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy. This degree has two plans of study (Plan A or Plan B). Either will help students to meet the requirements for admission to medical, dental, or pharmacy schools, or other health science professional programs. Plan A students have a primary concentration of biological sciences and a secondary concentration in chemistry. Plan B requires courses from three unrelated areas of biological sciences (biology, molecular bioscience, and neuroscience). Students will work with their academic advisor in the School of Biological Sciences to plan individual courses of study. 

Human Biology

Human Biology is an explicitly interdisciplinary degree jointly administered by the Department of Anthropology and the School of Biological Sciences. The BA in Human Biology offers students an opportunity to explore how human biology influences and is influenced by the environment, cultural and social structures, and economic and political policies. Human Biology melds approaches and content from social and biological sciences to provide students with a synthetic understanding of the roles of culture, the dynamics of natural and social systems, and biological attributes responsible for shaping the human being. Our aim is to prepare students to be engaged, creative, insightful, and skillful in diverse professions that encompass the arenas of health and environmental sciences, societal support, and public policy that influence the welfare of humans.

Human Biology, BA   (120 Credits)

Completion of the Human Biology major requires a minimum of 20 credits of coursework in each of Anthropology (ANTH) and Biology (BIOLOGY), which can include required courses.
First Year
First Term Credits
ANTH 203 [DIVR] 3
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI] 4
CHEM 101 or 105 [PSCI] 4
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG] 3
Second Term Credits
BIOLOGY 107 4
CHEM 102 or 106 4
HISTORY 105 [ROOT] 3
STAT 212 [QUAN] 4
Second Year
First Term Credits
ANTH 260 4
Arts [ARTS] 3
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG] 3
Social Sciences [SSCI] 3
Major Elective1,2 3
Second Term Credits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3 3
BIOLOGY 301 4
Human Behavior Requirement4 3
Science and Society Requirement5 3
Major Elective1,2 3
Complete Writing Portfolio  
Third Year
First Term Credits
Genetics and Evolution Requirement6 3
Human Behavior Requirement4 3
Humanities [HUM] 3
Foreign Language, if needed, and/or Major Electives1,2,7 6
Second Term Credits
Genetics and Evolution Requirement6 3
Writing in the Major [M] course8 2-4
Foreign Language, if needed, and/or Major Electives1,2,7 9
Fourth Year
First Term Credits
Human Cultural Diversity Requirement9 3
Integrative Capstone [CAPS]10 3 or 4
Writing in the Major [M] course 2-4
Major Electives and/or Electives1,2,11 7
Second Term Credits
Major Electives and/or Electives1,2,11 15
Complete School of Biological Sciences Exit Survey  

Footnotes
1 Major Electives (18 credits) approved courses include: ANTH 301, 303, 304, 305, 330, 331, 340 [M], 380, 404, 405, 495, 498, 499; BIOLOGY 251 or 353, 315, 321 [M], 333, 340 [M], 354, 372, 476, 491, 495, 499; H D 220; MBIOS 303, 305, 405, 446; PSYCH 320, 361. 363; and any ANTH or BIOLOGY course listed in the Science and Society, Genetics and Evolution, Human Behavior, and Human Cultural Diversity modules that were not taken to satisfy the requirement in those areas.
2 A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S,F (ANTH 498, 499; BIOLOGY 491, 495, 499) may be used toward fulfilling Major Electives.
3 An additional [ARTS], [HUM], or [SSCI] is required by the College of Arts and Sciences.
4 Human Behavior Requirement (6 credits) approved courses include: ANTH 268, 381, 466; BIOLOGY 307, 438; PSYCH 230, 321, 324, 372.
5 Science and Society Requirement (3 credits) approved courses include: ANTH 309; BIOLOGY 330; PHIL 350, 365, 370; SOC 331, 332; SOE 390, 402, 444.
6 Genetics and Evolution Requirement (6 credits) approved courses include: ANTH 302, 463, 469; BIOLOGY 335, no more than one from BIOLOGY 395, 403, or 405; MBIOS 423.
7 Two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language are required by the College of Arts and Sciences for graduation.
8 [M] courses must be chosen from ANTH or BIOLOGY.
9 Human Cultural Diversity Requirement (3 credits) approved courses include: ANTH 201, 307, 316, 320, 327.
10 Integrated Capstone [CAPS] course must be chosen from either ANTH 464, 473 [M], 490 [M], BIOLOGY 401, 408, 473 [M], or 483 [M].
11 Electives must include sufficient 300-400-level coursework to meet the University requirement of 40 credits of upper-division coursework.

 

Zoology

Three options are available for the Bachelor of Science degree in Zoology: general zoology, pre-veterinary/animal care, and pre-medicine/pre-dentistry. Each of these options includes a core curriculum that provides a strong science foundation plus additional specialized courses taken in the particular program option. The flexible curriculum leading to a zoology degree meets the needs of students with various interests and goals. The general zoology option provides a broad, solid foundation in zoology. It is especially aimed at students desiring a well-rounded background for further professional studies or for entry into the work force in areas such as wildlife biology or fisheries. The pre-medicine/pre-dentistry option is offered by the School of Biological Sciences as a course program designed to provide a solid academic foundation that successfully prepares the student for admission into medical, dental, or pharmacy school. The pre-veterinary/animal care option prepares students for careers involving animal care and maintenance in research institutions, zoos, aquaria, and clinics and for application to colleges of veterinary medicine.

Accelerated Pre-Vet Option in Zoology

The School of Biological Sciences has an academic track that can allow highly qualified students to earn both a Bachelor of Science in Zoology and a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree within a seven-year span. Students can enroll in the undergraduate zoology program and complete all UCORE requirements, the necessary zoology core courses, and all veterinary medicine prerequisite coursework in a three year period. The required prerequisites courses can be found on the WSU CVM website: https://dvm.vetmed.wsu.edu/admissions/prerequisites. Such students who are accepted into the College of Veterinary Medicine DVM program after completing this 3 year program will then be allowed to transfer credit back from their first year DVM curriculum to fulfill the requirements that will allow them to earn a BS in Zoology.

Interested students must be advised in the School of Biological Sciences. High scholastic achievement, along with demonstrated experience and interest in working with animals and within the veterinary profession, will be a few of the main criteria for inclusion. Interested students should contact the School of Biological Sciences no later than the first semester of the sophomore year.  Students would then declare zoology with the pre-vet option as a major in the first semester of the sophomore year.

The procedures for application into the DVM program will be the same as those for all other applicants to the program (excluding those applicants applying to the Early Acceptance Undergraduate Programs through the Honors College or Department of Animal Sciences). Students in this program are not given preferential consideration for admission into the DVM program. Participants who complete the three-year zoology program, and are accepted into the DVM program during their junior year, will begin the veterinary medicine curriculum in their fourth year of study. These students would complete only the DVM curriculum from this point on, and credits from the first year of the DVM program will be used to fulfill the remaining requirements that will allow them to earn a BS in Zoology.  If the student is not accepted into the DVM program or withdraws from it, he/she may continue to earn the BS in Zoology and may be eligible to apply to the College of Veterinary Medicine as a senior or following completion of the BS.

Transfer Students

Science courses taken at other institutions will be evaluated and credits accepted when possible. Inquiries should be directed to the Associate Director of Undergraduate Programs.

Graduate Programs

At the graduate level, the school awards Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in Biology and Plant Biology. Faculty interests and research programs are diverse, including genomics, molecular and cellular biology, animal and plant physiology, various aspects of organismal biology of plants and animals, systematics, ecology, evolutionary biology, and biology education. A list of specific faculty interests can be obtained at https://sbs.wsu.edu/people/ or by writing to the School. Communication with faculty members prior to applying for the graduate program is strongly encouraged.

Preparation for Graduate Study in Biology and Plant Biology

Students with undergraduate majors in such fields as animal sciences, biology, botany, cell biology, environmental sciences, genetics, microbiology, natural resources, plant sciences, wildlife biology, and zoology may be prepared for graduate study in the School of Biological Sciences. Graduate Record Examination scores from the general aptitude section are required.

Students who complete Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in our program find careers as faculty in colleges and universities, conservation biologists and managers of natural resources, biologists and technicians for state and federal agencies, specialists in informatics, and scientists and laboratory technicians in biotechnology and other life sciences industries.
 




Schedules of Studies

Honors students complete the Honors College requirements which replace the UCORE requirements.


Biology - Basic Medical Sciences Plan A (120 Credits)

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Biology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Admission to the major requires completion of 24 semester credits and 2.0 GPA.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.
First Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]4
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN]14
Second Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 3014
CHEM 3454
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
Foreign Language, if needed, or Electives24
Second TermCredits
CHEM 3483
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Foreign Language, if needed , and/or Electives29
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
Diversity [DIVR]3
MBIOS 303 or CHEM 3704 or 3
PHYSICS 10134
Electives23 or 4
Second TermCredits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
PHIL 365 [HUM]3
PHYSICS 10234
Electives26
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
Degree Program Elective42-4
Degree Program Elective [M]43
300-400-level Electives6
Electives24
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY Capstone [CAPS]3
Degree Program Elective [M]43
300-400-level Electives6
Electives24

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken the first semester as a prerequisite to other MATH courses and as a co-requisite to CHEM 105. MATH 108 may also be needed. In addition to either MATH 140 or 171, a statistics course is highly recommended, and for some programs, required.
2Students are encouraged to pursue a minor in other areas of more in-depth science minor.
3An elective may be substituted for PHYSICS 101 and 102 if it is not required for entrance to a graduate or professional program.
4Degree Program Electives (8 credits required): Approved courses are BIOLOGY 315, 321 [M], 324, 350, 352, 353, 393 [M], one from 395 or 403 or 405, 418 [M]; MBIOS 304, 305, 401, 413, 414, 423, 440, 442, 446; NEUROSCI 301, 403 [M], 404, and 430 [M].

Biology - Basic Medical Sciences Plan B (120 Credits)

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Biology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Admission to the major requires completion of 24 semester credits and 2.0 GPA.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.
First Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]4
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN]14
Second Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 3014
CHEM 3454
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
PHYSICS 10124
Second TermCredits
CHEM 3483
MBIOS 3053
MBIOS 3062
PHYSICS 10224
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
Degree Program Elective33 or 4
Diversity [DIVR]3
MBIOS 303 or CHEM 3704 or 3
Foreign Language, if needed, and/or Electives46 or 7
Second TermCredits
PHIL 365 [HUM], or Humanities [HUM]3
Degree Program Elective36 - 8
Foreign Language, if needed, and/or Electives46
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Degree Program Elective33 or 4
Degree Program Elective [M]32 - 4
Electives47
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY Capstone [CAPS]3
Degree Program Elective33 or 4
Degree Program Elective [M]33 or 4
Electives46

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken the first semester as a prerequisite to other MATH courses and as a co-requisite to CHEM 105. MATH 108 may also be needed. In addition to either MATH 140 or 171, a statistics course is highly recommended, and for some programs, required.
2An elective may be substituted for PHYSICS 101 and 102 if it is not required for entrance to a graduate or professional program.
3Degree Program Electives: A combination of 39 science credits, with 21 credits in 300-400-level courses, is required. 20 credits must be selected from the following list and must include a minimum of one each BIOLOGY, MBIOS, and NEUROSCI: BIOLOGY 251, 315, 321 [M], 324, 333, 350, 352, 353, 393 [M], one from 395 or 403, or 405, 418 [M]; MBIOS 304, 360 [M], 401, 402 [M], 413, 414, 423, 440, 442, 446; NEUROSCI 301, 403 [M], 404, and 430 [M]. Coursework must include sufficient 300-400-level coursework to meet the University requirement of 40 upper division credits.
4Students are encouraged to pursue a minor.

Biology - Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Option (120 Credits)

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Biology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Admission to the major requires completion of 24 semester credits and 2.0 GPA.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.
First Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]14
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN]14
Second Year
First TermCredits
CHEM 3454
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
Humanities [HUM]3
PHYSICS 101 or 2014
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 370 [M] or 372 [M]4
PHYSICS 102 or 2024
Program Option Courses or Electives2,34
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
BIOLOGY 301 4
Program Option Courses or Electives2,37
Foreign Language, if needed, or Electives43 or 4
Second TermCredits
Diversity [DIVR]3
Program Option Courses or Electives2,36 or 7
STAT 212, 412, or PSYCH 3113 or 4
Foreign Language, if needed, or Electives43 or 4
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY Capstone [CAPS]3
Program Option Courses or Electives2,311
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 395, 403, or 4053
Program Option Courses or Electives2,313 or 14
Complete School of Biological Sciences Exit Survey

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken as a pre-/co-requisite to CHEM 105 and other MATH courses. MATH 108 may also be needed.
2Ecology and Evolution Option requirements include one course from the Physiology Emphasis area (BIOLOGY 350 or BIOLOGY 420); 12 total credits from the Ecology Emphasis (BIOLOGY 330, 410, 462, 469 [M], 483 [M] [CAPS]) and the Evolution/Organismal Emphasis (BIOLOGY 322 [M], 324, 332 [M], 335 [M], 408 [CAPS], 409, 412, 418, 423, 428, 432 [M], 438 [M]). At least one course must be from the Ecology Emphasis and one course from the Evolution/Organismal Emphasis.
3All biology majors must complete 21 semester credits of biological coursework including 15 upper-division credits, 6 of which must be a BIOLOGY prefix taken in residence at WSU. Approved courses include 200-400-level BIOLOGY courses except those used to fulfill core requirements (BIOLOGY 106. 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], one from 395, 403, or 405), and any courses approved by advisor. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework graded S/F may be used toward fulfilling departmental requirements or program options and must be approved by advisor. Coursework must include a total of two BIOLOGY [M] courses and sufficient 300-400-level coursework to meet the University requirement of 40 upper division credits.
4Two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language are required by the College of Arts and Sciences for graduation.

Biology - Education Option (120 Credits)

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Biology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Admission to the major requires completion of 24 semester credits and 2.0 GPA.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.

Students completing this degree will earn a B.S. in Biology. In order to obtain teaching credentials in the State of Washington, students must complete additional requirements. Completion of the Master in Teaching (MIT) program at WSU will meet state certification requirements (for details, please see https://education.wsu.edu/graduate/mit/). A 3.0 is the minimum GPA for admission to the MIT program at WSU. Students obtaining Biology Education Option would also be competitive for other post-baccalaureate teacher certification programs.

First Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]14
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
ENGR 1202
Humanities [HUM]3
Second Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 3014
CHEM 3454
Diversity [DIVR]3
TCH LRN 3013
Foreign Language, if needed20 - 4
Second TermCredits
CHEM 370 or MBIOS 3033 or 4
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN]14
PSYCH 105 [SSCI]3
Foreign Language, if needed, or Electives23 or 4
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
BIOLOGY 370 [M] or 372 [M]4
PHYSICS 101 or 2014
Program Electives34
Second TermCredits
PHYSICS 102 or 2024
TCH LRN 4653
Program Option Requirements43 or 4
Program Electives 34
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY/TCH LRN 4303
STAT 212, 412, or PSYCH 3113 or 4
TCH LRN 467 [M]3
TCH LRN 4703
Program Electives 34
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 45053
BIOLOGY 403 or 4053
BIOLOGY/TCH LRN 4313
Program Option Requirements 43 or 4
Program Electives or Electives33
Complete School of Biological Sciences Exit Survey

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken as a pre-/co-requisite to CHEM 105 and other MATH courses. MATH 108 may also be needed.
2Two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language are required by the College of Arts and Sciences for graduation.
3Beyond the core requirements (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], one from 395, 403, or 405, BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 450), all biology majors must complete 21 semester credits of biological coursework including 15 upper-division credits, 6 of which must be a BIOLOGY prefix taken in residence at WSU. Approved courses include 200-400-level BIOLOGY courses except those used to fulfill core requirements, and any courses approved by advisor. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework graded S/F may be used toward fulfilling departmental requirements or program options and must be approved by advisor.
4Program Option requirements include one Biology Plant Elective (BIOLOGY 332[M], 401[CAPS], 409, or 420) and one Biology Animal Elective (BIOLOGY 322[M], 324, 423, 428, 432[M], or 438[M]. To obtain an additional general science endorsement students need to pass a general science exam (e.g., Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Earth and Space science). Students may consider taking one or more of the following courses to prepare them for general science endorsement exam: ASTRONOM 135, GEOLOGY 102, 210.
5Students in Honors College complete HONORS 450 in lieu of a BIOLOGY [CAPS] course.

Biology - Entomology Option (120 Credits)

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Biology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Admission to the major requires completion of 24 semester credits and 2.0 GPA.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.
First Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]14
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN]14
Second Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
CHEM 3454
ENTOM 343 [M]3
PHYSICS 101 or 2014
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 3014
Diversity [DIVR]3
PHYSICS 102 or 2024
Program Option Elective 23
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 322 [M], 350, or 4184
BIOLOGY 370 [M] or 372 [M]4
Humanities [HUM]3
Electives35
Second TermCredits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
CHEM 370 or MBIOS 3033 or 4
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
STAT 212, 412, or PSYCH 3113 or 4
Program Option Elective23
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 332 [M] or 4203 or 4
Foreign Language, if needed, and/or Electives3,413
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 45053
BIOLOGY 395, 403, or 4053
Foreign Language, if needed, and/or Electives3,410
Complete School of Biological Sciences Exit Survey

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken as a pre-/co-requisite to CHEM 105 and other MATH courses. MATH 108 may also be needed.
2Entomology Program option electives include 6 credits of 300-400-level ENTOM courses excluding ENTOM 343.
3Additional electives should be selected in consultation with a biology advisor. All biology majors must complete 21 semester credits of biological coursework including 15 upper-division credits, 6 of which must be a BIOLOGY prefix taken in residence at WSU. Approved courses include 200-400-level BIOLOGY and ENTOM courses except those used to fulfill core requirements (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], one from 395, 403, or 405, BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 450), and any courses approved by advisor. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework graded S/F may be used toward fulfilling departmental requirements or program options and must be approved by advisor.
4Two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language are required by the College of Arts and Sciences for graduation.
5Students in Honors College complete HONORS 450 in lieu of a BIOLOGY [CAPS] course.

Biology - General Option (120 Credits)

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Biology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Admission to the major requires completion of 24 semester credits and 2.0 GPA.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings). An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.
First Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]14
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN]14
Second Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 3014
CHEM 3454
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
Humanities [HUM]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 370 [M] or 372 [M]4
CHEM 370 or MBIOS 3033 or 4
PHYSICS 101 or 2014
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
Diversity [DIVR]3
PHYSICS 102 or 2024
Foreign Language, if needed, or Electives2 4
Program Option Courses or Electives35 or 6
Second TermCredits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
BIOLOGY 395, 403, or 4053
Foreign Language, if needed, or Electives23 or 4
Program Option Courses or Electives36
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 352 or MBIOS 401 3
Program Option Courses or Electives313
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 45043
STAT 212, 412, or PSYCH 3113 or 4
Program Option Courses or Electives310
Complete School of Biological Sciences Exit Survey

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken as a pre-/co-requisite to CHEM 105 and other MATH courses. MATH 108 may also be needed.
2Two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language are required by the College of Arts and Sciences for graduation.
3Biology General Program option courses should be selected in consultation with a biology advisor and include coursework to fulfill the University requirement of 40 upper division credits. All biology majors must complete 21 semester credits of biological coursework including 15 upper-division credits, 6 of which must be a BIOLOGY subject (prefix) taken in residence at WSU. Approved courses include 200-400-level BIOLOGY courses except those used to fulfill core requirements (BIOLOGY 106. 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], one from 395, 403, or 405, BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 450), and any courses approved by advisor. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework graded S/F may be used toward fulfilling departmental requirements or program options and must be approved by advisor. Coursework must include a total of two BIOLOGY [M] courses.
4Students in Honors College complete HONORS 450 in lieu of a BIOLOGY [CAPS] course.

Biology - Plant Biology Option (120 Credits)

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Biology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Admission to the major requires completion of 24 semester credits and 2.0 GPA.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.
First Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]14
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN]4
Second Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 3014
CHEM 3454
Humanities [HUM]3
PHYSICS 101 or 2014
Second TermCredits
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
Foreign Language and/or Electives26
PHYSICS 102 or 2024
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
BIOLOGY 370 [M] or 372 [M]4
BIOLOGY 4203
STAT 212, 412, or PSYCH 3113 or 4
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 332 [M]4
BIOLOGY 4623
Diversity [DIVR]3
Foreign Language or Electives24
Program Option Courses or Electives32 or 3
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 395, 403, or 4053
BIOLOGY 4094
Program Option Courses or Electives36
Electives3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 45043
Program Option Courses or Electives312
Complete School of Biological Sciences Exit Survey

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken as a pre-/co-requisite to CHEM 105 and other MATH courses. MATH 108 may also be needed.
2Two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language are required by the College of Arts and Sciences for graduation.
3Plant Biology Program option courses should be selected in consultation with a biology advisor and include coursework to fulfill the University requirement of 40 upper division credits. All biology majors must complete 21 semester credits of biological coursework including 15 upper-division credits, 6 of which must be a BIOLOGY prefix taken in residence at WSU. Approved courses include 200-400-level BIOLOGY courses except those used to fulfill core requirements (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], one from 395, 403, or 405, BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 450), and any courses approved by advisor. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework graded S/F may be used toward fulfilling departmental requirements or program options and must be approved by advisor.
4Students in Honors College complete HONORS 450 in lieu of a BIOLOGY [CAPS] course.

Biology - Pre-Physical Therapy / Pre-Occupational Therapy / Pre-Physician Assistant Option (120 Credits)

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Biology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Admission to the major requires completion of 24 semester credits and 2.0 GPA.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.
First Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]14
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
SOC 101 [SSCI]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN]14
Second Year
First TermCredits
ANTH 203 [DIVR] or Diversity [DIVR]23
BIOLOGY 251 or 3534
CHEM 3454
PSYCH 105 [SSCI]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 3014
PHIL 365 [HUM]3
PHYSICS 101 or 2014
STAT 212, 412, or PSYCH 311 3 or 4
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 315 or 3544
BIOLOGY 393 [M], 490 [M], or BIOLOGY [M]2,3,42 - 4
Foreign Language, if needed, or Program Emphasis Requirements2,3,4,53 or 4
PHYSICS 102 or 2024
PSYCH 3333
Second TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
BIOLOGY 370 [M] 372 [M]4
H D 101 or PSYCH 3612,3,43
Foreign Language, if needed, and/or Electives5,66
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
ENGLISH 402 [WRTG]3
Program Emphasis Requirements or Electives2,3,4,612
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 45073
BIOLOGY 395, 403, or 4053
Program Emphasis Requirements or Electives2,3,4,610
Complete School of Biological Sciences Exit Survey

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken as a pre-/co-requisite to CHEM 105 and other MATH courses. MATH 108 may also be needed.
2Pre-Occupational Therapy Program emphasis (13 credits) includes ANTH 203, BIOLOGY 220, BIOLOGY 393 [M], COM 102, H D 101.
3Pre-Physical Therapy Program emphasis (8-9 credits) includes BIOLOGY 393 [M] or 490 [M], KINES 380 or BIOLOGY 350 or BIOLOGY 352, PSYCH 361 or H D 101.
4Pre-Physician Assistant Program emphasis (14-15 credits) includes CHEM 370 or MBIOS 303, MBIOS 304 or 306, MBIOS 305, PSYCH 361 or H D 101. Students in this emphasis will also need to complete a BIOLOGY [M] course to fulfill the University requirement of 2 [M] courses.
5Two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language are required by the College of Arts and Sciences for graduation.
6Pre-Physical Therapy / Pre-Occupational Therapy / Pre-Physician Assistant Program emphasis courses should be selected in consultation with a biology advisor and include coursework to fulfill the University requirement of 40 upper division credits. In addition to core biology courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], one from 395, 403, or 405, BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 450), all biology majors must complete 21 semester credits of biological coursework including 15 upper-division credits, 6 of which must be a BIOLOGY prefix taken in residence at WSU. Approved program electives include CHEM 370, KINES 380, MBIOS 303, 304, 305, 306, PHIL 365, and 200-400-level BIOLOGY courses except those used to fulfill core requirements, and any courses approved by advisor. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework graded S/F may be used toward fulfilling departmental requirements.
7Students in Honors College complete HONORS 450 in lieu of a BIOLOGY [CAPS] course.

Zoology - Accelerated Pre-Veterinary Option (125 Credits)

The Accelerated Pre-Veterinary Option track allows qualified students to earn both a Bachelor of Science in Zoology and Doctor of Veterinary Medicine within a seven-year span. Interested students must be advised by faculty in the School of Biological Sciences, and should contact the school no later than the first semester of the sophomore year. Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Zoology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Students must complete a minimum of 90 undergraduate credits, including 30 credits of 300-400 level coursework, and be accepted into the Veterinary Medicine program to complete this degree.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings). VET MED credits fulfill other Program Option electives requirements. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.

For more information about the Accelerated Pre-Vet Option program contact the School of Biological Sciences.
First Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]14
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN]14
Second Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 3014
CHEM 3454
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
Humanities [HUM]3
Second TermCredits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
CHEM 370 or MBIOS 3033 or 4
PHYSICS 101 or 2014
STAT 212, 412, or PSYCH 3113 or 4
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 45023
BIOLOGY 321 [M] or BIOLOGY 322 [M]4
PHYSICS 102 or 2024
Foreign Language, if needed, and/or Elective36
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 370 [M] or 372 [M]4
BIOLOGY 395, 403, or 4053
Diversity [DIVR]3
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Foreign Language, if needed, or Elective34
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
VET MED 5104
VET MED 51145
VET MED 5134
VET MED 5682
VET MED 5861
Second TermCredits
VET MED 5124
VET MED 52055
VET MED 5213
VET MED 5343
VET MED 5453
VET MED 5801
Complete School of Biological Sciences Exit Survey

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken as a pre-/co-requisite to CHEM 105 and other MATH courses. MATH 108 may also be needed.
2Students in Honors College complete HONORS 450 in lieu of a BIOLOGY [CAPS] course.
3Two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language are required by the College of Arts and Sciences for graduation.
4Counts as Anatomy option requirement toward the Zoology degree
5Counts as Physiology option requirement toward the Zoology degree.

Zoology - General Option (120 Credits)

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Zoology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Admission to the major requires completion of 24 semester credits and 2.0 GPA.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.
First Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]14
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN]4
Second Year
First TermCredits
CHEM 3454
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
Humanities [HUM]3
Program Option Courses, Foreign Language, and/or Electives2,37
Second TermCredits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
BIOLOGY 3014
Diversity [DIVR]3
Program Option Courses, Foreign Language, and/or Electives2,33 - 6
STAT 212, 412, or PSYCH 3113 or 4
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 321 [M], 322 [M], or 3244
PHYSICS 101 or 2014
Program Option Course or Electives36 or 7
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 321 [M], 322 [M], or 3244
BIOLOGY 370 [M] or 372 [M]4
PHYSICS 102 or 2024
Electives3
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 350 or 3534
BIOLOGY 395, 403, or 4053
Program Option Courses or Electives36
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY Capstone [CAPS]3
Program Option Courses or Electives310
Complete School of Biological Sciences Exit Survey

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken as a pre-/co-requisite to CHEM 105 and other MATH courses. MATH 108 may also be needed.
2Two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language are required by the College of Arts and Sciences for graduation.
3Zoology General Program Option electives should be selected in consultation with a biology advisor and must include 9 credits selected from ANIM SCI 314; BIOLOGY 352, 393 [M], 407, 410, 412, 418 [M], 423, 428, 432, 438 [M], 469, 486, 495; ENTOM 340, 343 [M], 344 [M], 448; MBIOS 303, or as approved by advisor. All zoology majors must complete 21 semester credits of biological coursework including 15 upper-division credits, 6 of which must be a BIOLOGY prefix taken in residence at WSU. Approved courses include 200-400-level BIOLOGY courses except those used to fulfill core requirements (BIOLOGY 106. 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], one from 395, 403, or 405), and any courses approved by advisor. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework graded S/F may be used toward fulfilling departmental requirements or program options and must be approved by advisor.

Zoology - Pre-Medicine/Pre-Dentistry Option (120 Credits)

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Zoology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Admission to the major requires completion of 24 semester credits and 2.0 GPA.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.
First Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]14
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN] 4
Second Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 3014
CHEM 3454
PHYSICS 101 or 2014
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Second TermCredits
CHEM 3484
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
Diversity [DIVR]3
PHYSICS 102 or 2024
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 315, 321 [M], or 3244
BIOLOGY 322 [M], 418 [M], or MBIOS 3054 or 3
BIOLOGY 395, 403, or 4053
Humanities [HUM]3
Program Option Courses, Foreign Language, or Electives2,33 or 4
Second TermCredits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
BIOLOGY 370 [M] or 372 [M]4
CHEM 370 or MBIOS 3033 or 4
Foreign Language or Electives22 - 4
Program Option Courses or Electives 34 or 3
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 322 [M], 418 [M], or MBIOS 3053 or 4
BIOLOGY 3523
Program Option Courses or Electives39
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 315, 321 [M], or 3244
BIOLOGY 3534
BIOLOGY Capstone [CAPS]3
STAT 212, 412, or PSYCH 3113 or 4
Complete School of Biological Sciences Exit Survey

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken as a pre-/co-requisite to CHEM 105 and other MATH courses. MATH 108 may also be needed.
2Two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language are required by the College of Arts and Sciences for graduation.
3Zoology, Pre-Medicine/Pre-Dentistry Option, must include 21 semester credits of biological coursework including 15 upper-division credits, 6 of which must be a BIOLOGY prefix taken in residence at WSU. Approved courses include 200-400-level BIOLOGY courses except those used to fulfill core requirements (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], one from 395, 403, or 405), and any courses approved by advisor. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework graded S/F may be used toward fulfilling departmental requirements or program options and must be approved by advisor.

Zoology - Pre-Veterinary/Animal Care Option (120 Credits)

Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Zoology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described in the WSU general catalog. Admission to the major requires completion of 24 semester credits and 2.0 GPA.

Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credits, of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). The College of Arts and Sciences requires two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language. Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credits of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], and 395 or 403 or 405). An additional 21 semester credits of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credits must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU, one additional BIOLOGY writing in the major course (identified by [M] in the course listings), and one BIOLOGY Capstone course (identified by the [CAPS] in the course listings. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.
First Year
First TermCredits
Arts [ARTS]3
BIOLOGY 106 [BSCI]4
CHEM 105 [PSCI]14
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 1074
CHEM 1064
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
MATH 140 [QUAN] or 171 [QUAN]14
Second Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 3014
CHEM 3454
Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
Humanities [HUM]3
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Second TermCredits
Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
CHEM 370 or MBIOS 303 or Elective23 or 4
PHYSICS 101 or 2014
Program Option Courses, Foreign Language, or Electives3,43
STAT 212, 412, or PSYCH 3113 or 4
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 321 [M], 322 [M], or 3244
PHYSICS 102 or 2024
Program Option Courses, Foreign Language, or Electives3,46
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY 321 [M], 322 [M], or 3244
BIOLOGY 370 [M] or 372 [M]4
Diversity [DIVR]3
Electives4
Fourth Year
First TermCredits
BIOLOGY 350 or 3534
BIOLOGY 395, 403, or 4053
Program Option Courses or Electives43
Electives3
Second TermCredits
BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 45053
Program Option Courses or Electives410
Electives3
Complete School of Biological Sciences Exit Survey

Footnotes
1MATH 106 may be taken as a pre-/co-requisite to CHEM 105 and other MATH courses. MATH 108 may also be needed.
2A biochemistry course is required for admittance to U.S. veterinary colleges.
3Two years of high school foreign language or at least two semesters of college-level foreign language are required by the College of Arts and Sciences for graduation.
4Zoology, Pre-Veterinary/Animal Care Program Option electives should be selected in consultation with a biology advisor and must include 12 credits selected from BIOLOGY 352, 360, 393 [M], 412, 423, 428, 432, 438 [M], 495, CHEM 370 or MBIOS 303, 304, 305, SOE 431, or as approved by advisor. Beyond the core requirements (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 370 [M] or 372 [M], one from 395, 403, or 405, BIOLOGY [CAPS] or HONORS 450) all zoology majors must complete 21 semester credits of biological coursework including 15 upper-division credits, 6 of which must be a BIOLOGY prefix taken in residence at WSU. Approved courses include 200-400-level BIOLOGY courses not used to fulfill core requirements, and any courses approved by advisor. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework graded S/F may be used toward fulfilling departmental requirements or program options and must be approved by advisor.
5Students in Honors College complete HONORS 450 in lieu of a BIOLOGY [CAPS] course.


Minors

Biology

A minor in biology requires a minimum of 20 hours in BIOLOGY coursework including BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301 and 8 additional hours of BIOLOGY  courses at the 300-level or above. No more than 2 hours in BIOLOGY 490, 491, 494, 495, 496, 497 or 499 may be included in the 20 hours.  9 credit hours must be earned in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses. All coursework for the minor must have a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.0.  Students who major in biology or zoology cannot be granted a minor in biology.


Zoology

A minor in zoology requires a minimum of 20 hours, including BIOLOGY 106, 107, and one of 321, 322, or 324; and 8 additional hours from the following courses: BIOLOGY 315, 330, 333, 335, 350, 352, 353, 354, 407, 410, 412, 418, 423, 428, 432, 438, 456, 475, 476, 486, 490, 491, 495, 496, 497, 499. No more than 2 hours of BIOLOGY 490, 491, 495, 496, 497, or 499 may be included in the 20 hours.  Credit hours for the minor must include 9 hours of 300-400-level courses taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses.  All coursework for the minor must have a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.0. 



Certificates

Certificate in Quantitative Biology

The certificate in Quantitative Biology requires 17 credits. Students must earn a grade of C or higher in each course and no P, F or  S, F graded course work may be applied to the certificate.

Requirements:

  • MATH/BIOLOGY 340
  • 6 credits of mathematics (MATH 172 or higher) and/or statistics (300-400-level), of which 3 credits must be taken in residence at Washington State University
  • 8 credits of 300-400-level BIOLOGY courses of which 3 credits must be taken in residence at Washington State University

 



Courses

The online catalog includes the most recent changes to courses and degree requirements that have been approved by the Faculty Senate, including changes that are not yet effective. Courses showing two entries of the same number indicate that the course information is changing. The most recently approved version is shown first, followed by the older version, in gray, with its last-effective term preceding the course title. Courses shown in gray with only one entry of the course number are being discontinued. Course offerings by term can be accessed by clicking on the term links when viewing a specific campus catalog.


Biology (BIOLOGY)

Fall 2020 Spring 2021 


101 [BSCI] Biology of Humans 3 The biology of good health and longevity; evaluation of lifestyle choices; consideration of each body system and the potential for disease and disorder. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

102 [BSCI] General Biology 4 (3-3) Enrollment not allowed if credit for BIOLOGY 105 already earned. Understanding current and future advances in biology as 'citizen scientists'. Lecture and laboratory; not for students majoring in the life sciences. Credit not allowed for students who have already completed BIOLOGY 105. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

103 Science and Scientific Thinking 1 (0-3) Exploring science as a tool for understanding nature using case studies, experimentation, and data analysis. Topics range from atoms to ecosystems including physiology, inheritance, and the carbon cycle. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences. Recommended for students with an ALEKS math placement score of less than 45%. (Crosslisted course offered as BIOLOGY 103, SCIENCE 103). Typically offered Fall.

105 General Biology Laboratory 1 (0-3) Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. Enrollment not allowed if credit for BIOLOGY 102 already earned. Understanding biology as a science and its effect on issues within society. Laboratory only. Credit not allowed for students who have already completed BIOLOGY 102. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

106 [BSCI] Introductory Biology: Organismal Biology 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: One of the following -- a minimum ALEKS math placement score of 40%, MATH 100 with an S, MATH 101 with a C or better, MATH 103 or higher, BIOLOGY 103 with a C or better, BIOLOGY 102, BIOLOGY 120, or 3 credits of biology with a lab. One semester of a two semester sequence (BIOLOGY 106/107 or BIOLOGY 107/106) for science majors and pre-professional students. Biology of organisms; plants, animals, ecology and evolution. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

107 [BSCI] Introductory Biology: Cell Biology and Genetics 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: Minimum 2 credits 100 level CHEM or concurrent enrollment. First or second semester of a one-year sequence (BIOLOGY 106/107 or BIOLOGY 107/106) for science majors and pre-professional students. Cell biology and genetics of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

110 Biological Perspectives on Environmental Issues 3 Current case studies of human interaction with the environment exploring concepts in ecology, biodiversity, global chemical cycles, and climate change. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences.

111 [BSCI] Laboratory Experiments in Biology and Genetics 1 (0-3) Scientific method and its application to a diverse range of biology and genetics topics and research questions. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences.

120 [BSCI] Introductory Botany 4 (3-3) Introduction to plant science, highlighting certain aspects of plant biology and current research and how these relate to us all in the modern world. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences. Typically offered Fall.

125 Genetics and Society 3 Genetic topics in media and daily life including human health, agriculture, ecology and forensics for the educated non-biologist. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences.

135 Animal Natural History 3 Identification, life history, habitat relations, ecology, behavior, and conservation of animals commonly found in the Pacific Northwest. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences.

140 [BSCI] Introduction to Nutritional Science 3 Information related to dietary sources of nutrients, their functions in the body, physiologic and environmental factors that govern nutrient requirements, and guidelines for optimal dietary patterns. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

150 [BSCI] Evolution 3 Basic principles and implications of Darwinian evolution. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences.

201 Contemporary Biology 1 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 101, 102, 106, 107, 120, or MBIOS 101. Biological information that provides a framework for understanding life processes; impact of biological information on human affairs. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

210 Your Future in Life Sciences 2 Exploration of career options in biological sciences with faculty and outside speakers; guide to preparing resume and career plans. (Crosslisted course offered as SCIENCE 210, BIOLOGY 210).

220 Medical Terminology 2 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 101, 102, 106, 107, or KINES 262. Terms and word constructions for health care occupations; format and function of medical records. Typically offered Spring.

221 Exploring Health Careers 1 Introduction to human and animal health care careers. S, F grading.

225 Preparation for the Health Care Workplace 2 (1-3) Basic content and skills to prepare for health related internships.

251 Introductory Human Physiology 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 102, 106, or 107. Basic physiological processes in humans from the cellular to the organismal level. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 251 and 353. Typically offered Fall and Summer.

298 [BSCI] Honors Biology for Non-Science Majors 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: Must be an Honors student. Understanding the natural world from a biological perspective for non-science majors. Typically offered Spring.

301 General Genetics 4 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106 or 120; BIOLOGY 107; CHEM 101 or 105; CHEM 102 or 106. Principles of modern and classical genetics. (Crosslisted course offered as MBIOS 301, BIOLOGY 301). Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

307 [DIVR] Biology of Women 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 102 or 106. Biological basis of sex and its relationship to body function, women and health care, and the impact of social and cultural perspectives on the experience of being female. (Crosslisted course offered as BIOLOGY 307, WOMEN ST 307). Typically offered Spring.

308 [BSCI] Marine Biology 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106; sophomore standing. Introduction to the marine environment including oceanic, near-shore and estuarine communities of organisms and their roles and interactions.

315 Gross and Microanatomy 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: At least 3 hours of BIOLOGY; sophomore standing; cumulative WSU GPA 2.5 or better. Gross and microscopic anatomy of the human body. Recommended for pre-health care professionals only. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

321 [M] Principles of Animal Development 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106; BIOLOGY 107. Experimental analyses of development and descriptive and comparative examination of embryology; emphasis on the chordates. Recommended preparation: BIOLOGY 301 or MBIOS 301. Typically offered Fall.

322 [M] Invertebrate Biology 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106. Phylogenetic relationships, development, and functional ecology of the invertebrate animals. Typically offered Even Years - Fall.

324 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 4 (2-6) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106. Evolution of vertebrates and their organ systems; correlation of structural modification with function. Typically offered Spring. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

330 Principles of Conservation 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 102, 106, or 107. Conservation of major natural resources through a biological approach; philosophical, economic, and political aspects of important conservation issues. Typically offered Spring and Summer.

332 [M] Systematic Botany 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106 or 120. Identification and classification of vascular plants with emphasis on the local flora. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring.

333 [BSCI] Human Nutrition and Health 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 102, 106, 107, 251, 315, or concurrent enrollment in BIOLOGY 251. Credit not granted for students who have already completed BIOLOGY 233 with a grade of C or above. Foundations in nutritional science and its relationship to human health through the application of fundamental principles of biology. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

335 [M] Genome Biology 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 301. Comparative analysis of genomes from bacteria to humans including methods for sequencing, genotyping, annotation of genomes, population genetics and evolution. Typically offered Fall.

340 Introduction to Mathematical Biology 3 Course Prerequisite: MATH 140 with a C or better, or MATH 172 with a C or better, or MATH 182 with a C or better; BIOLOGY 101, BIOLOGY 102, BIOLOGY 106, or BIOLOGY 107. Mathematical biology and development of mathematical modeling for solutions to problems in the life sciences. (Crosslisted course offered as MATH 340, BIOLOGY 340). Typically offered Spring.

350 Comparative Physiology 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 107; CHEM 345. Analysis of systems and integrative physiology with an emphasis on evolutionary adaptation among mammalian and non-mammalian vertebrates. Typically offered Fall.

352 Cells 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 107; CHEM 345. Diversity and processes at the cellular level; structure and function. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

353 Advanced Human Physiology 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106; BIOLOGY 107. Function and control at the organ-organismic level with emphasis on mammals, including humans; emphasis on human health science applications. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 251 and 353. Recommended preparation: BIOLOGY 315 or 354. Typically offered Spring.

354 Human Anatomy for Health Occupations 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 107; CHEM 102 or 345. History and anatomy of humans with non-cadaver-based laboratory utilizing preserved and histological specimens, models and software.

360 Molecular Processes of Living Organisms 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 107. Exploration of fundamental molecular processes to encourage thinking beyond biological species in order to comprehend larger-scale biological issues and relevance for society. Typically offered Even Years - Fall.

370 [M] Ecology of Health and Disease 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106; CHEM 102 or 105. Enrollment in BIOLOGY 370 not allowed if credit already earned for BIOLOGY 372. Ecology of species interactions in changing environments and how they influence human and animal health. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 370 and 372. Field trips may be required.

372 [M] General Ecology 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106; CHEM 102 or 105. Enrollment in BIOLOGY 372 not allowed if credit already earned for BIOLOGY 370. Relationship of organisms with physical and biotic components of their environment at the population, community, and ecosystem level. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 370 and 372. Field trips may be required. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

390 Stream Monitoring 1 (0-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 101, 102, or 106; CHEM 101 or 105; junior standing. Principles and methods of water quality monitoring, including habitat assessment, water chemistry, and biological assessment. Field work and independent research required.

393 [M] Professional Communications in Biology 2 Course Prerequisite: Admitted to the major in Biology or Zoology. Literature investigation, oral presentation and written reports of selected topics in biology. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

394 Medicine as a Career 2 Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. Current issues in medicine; ethical, financial, and personal aspects of medical practice. Typically offered Spring. S, F grading.

395 Evolutionary Medicine 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 301. Modern medical issues from an evolutionary perspective, integrated with other biological fields in medical research; topics include disease diversity, immune function, the evolution of virulence, human disease management, cancer, obesity, and human mental and reproductive health issues and their management. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring.

401 [CAPS] Plants and People 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106 or 120; BIOLOGY 107; junior standing. Relationships between plants and people, especially cultural and economic applications of plants. Typically offered Spring.

402 [M] Beneficial Microbes in Nature and Society 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 372, 403, or 405; junior standing. In-depth investigations of interdisciplinary topics addressing the importance of beneficial microbes to organisms, natural systems, and society from across the disciplines of microbiology, medicine, evolutionary ecology, and agricultural science. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring.

403 Evolutionary Biology 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 301. The survey of evidence for evolution and operation of evolutionary processes that influence adaptation, diversification and speciation in organisms.

405 Principles of Organic Evolution 3 (2-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 301. The evolutionary processes that influence adaptation, population differentiation, and speciation in organisms. Typically offered Spring.

408 [CAPS] [M] Contemporary Genetics 3 Course Prerequisite: MBIOS / BIOLOGY 301 with a C or better; junior standing. Consideration of the state-of-the-art genetic technologies and their impact on society, environment and the economy. Typically offered Spring.

409 Plant Anatomy 4 (2-6) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106 or 120. Developmental anatomy and morphology of vascular plants; economic forms. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 409 and BIOLOGY 509. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Even Years - Fall.

410 Marine Ecology 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106. The ecology and conservation of marine organisms, communities, and ecosystems. Typically offered Fall.

412 Biology of Fishes 3 (2-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106. Evolution, identification, life history, and characteristics of important fish species.

418 Parasitology 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 102 or BIOLOGY 106; junior standing. Types of associations, life cycles, control, prevention, and modifications of parasites; examination of parasitic protozoa and helminths. Typically offered Fall.

420 Plant Physiology 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106 or 120. Water relations, mineral nutrition, photosynthesis, respiration, and growth of plants. Recommended: Organic chemistry. Typically offered Fall.

421 Plant Physiology Laboratory 1 (0-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 420 or concurrent enrollment. Laboratory for Biol 420.

423 Ornithology 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106. Ecology, systematics, and evolution of birds. Field trips required include two Saturdays. Typically offered Spring.

428 Mammalogy 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106. Ecology, systematics, and evolution of mammals. Typically offered Fall.

430 Methods of Teaching Secondary Science I 3 Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. Application of learning and theory and philosophy and structure of science in teaching middle and secondary school science courses. (Crosslisted course offered as BIOLOGY 430, MBIOS 480, TCH LRN 430). Typically offered Fall.

431 Methods of Teaching Secondary Science II 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 430, MBIOS 480, or TCH LRN 430; junior standing. Integration of assessment, curricular, and technological tools into instruction that aligns with learning theory and the philosophy/structure of science. (Crosslisted course offered as BIOLOGY 431, MBIOS 481, TCH LRN 431). Typically offered Spring.

432 [M] Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106; BIOLOGY 372 or SOE 300. Characteristics, evolution, and systematics; patterns of distribution; adaptive strategies; interactions between humans and amphibians and reptiles. Typically offered Even Years - Spring.

438 [M] Animal Behavior 3 (2-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106. Biological study of animal behavior as viewed from ethological, genetic, developmental, ecological, and evolutionary perspectives. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

446 Mutualism and Symbiosis 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 372, 403, or 405. Critical evaluation of the ecology, evolution, and molecular biology of mutualism and symbiosis. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 446 and 546. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Even Years - Fall and Summer.

456 Neuroethology 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 301, MBIOS 303, or 300-level NEUROSCI course; STAT 412 or concurrent enrollment. Introduction to neural mechanisms underlying natural animal behaviors from the cellular level to the organismal level.

462 Community Ecology 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 372 with a C or better. Assembly, essential properties, levels of interactions, succession, and stability of natural communities; emphasizes an experimental approach to community investigation. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 462 and BIOLOGY 562. Recommended preparation: BIOLOGY 372. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Fall.

465 Field Stream Ecology 2 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 372. Ecological roles of immature insects in different size streams; pattern changes along the stream continuum; other ecological characteristics.

469 [M] Ecosystem Ecology and Global Change 3 Historic and current factors controlling the function of ecosystems and their responses to natural and human caused global change. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 469 and 569. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

470 Diversity of Plants 3 Morphological, life history, and ecological diversity of major plant clades; emphasis on principles of homology, character transformation, and macroevolution.

473 [CAPS] [M] Evolution and Society 3 Course Prerequisite: ANTH 260 or BIOLOGY 301; junior standing. Survey of how the theory of evolution is used to better understand ourselves, the societies in which live, and the biological world on which we depend. Recommended preparation: BIOLOGY 405 or concurrent enrollment. (Crosslisted course offered as BIOLOGY 473, ANTH 473).

474 Computational Biology 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 301; MATH 140 or 171; STAT 212, 412, or PSYCH 311. Theory and current literature on a wide range of computational techniques used to address and solve problems in biology; a practical introduction to R/python as scientific languages useful in the solution of problems in biology. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring.

475 Systems Biology of Reproduction 3 Current literature based course on systems biology with a molecular/epigenetic to physiological level understanding of cell, development, disease, and evolutionary biology. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 475 and 575. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Even Years - Spring.

476 Epigenetics and Systems Biology 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 301. Current literature based course on epigenetics and systems biology with topics in environmental epigenetics, disease etiology, and role epigenetics in evolutionary biology. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 476 and 576. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring.

480 [M] Writing in Biology 2 Course Prerequisite: Admitted to the major in Biology or Zoology. Discussion and practice in relating thinking and writing; popular and professional communication in biology.

483 [CAPS] [M] Organisms and Global Change 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 372; junior standing. Interaction between organisms and global change across scales of biology. Typically offered Fall.

485 [CAPS] Biology of the Oceans 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106; junior standing. Interdisciplinary capstone course that explores the ocean world from molecules to ecosystems in the context of scientific discovery and society.

486 [M] Marine Invertebrate Communities 3 (2-3) Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 106. Survey of marine invertebrates and their habitats. One-week field/lab course at a marine station. Typically offered Summer Session.

489 [CAPS] [M] Synthesis and Communication of Independent Research 3 Course Prerequisite: 2 credits BIOLOGY 499; admitted to major in Biology or Zoology; junior standing; by permission only. Integration of broad topics from biology and other science fields to inform scientific writing and presentation of independent research projects.

490 [M] Professional Seminar in Physical Therapy 2 Course Prerequisite: By permission only. Consideration of treatment modalities and health issues in physical therapy and related disciplines. Typically offered Fall and Spring. A, S, F grading.

491 Clinical Experience V 1-4 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 20 hours. Course Prerequisite: PSYCH 105; BIOLOGY 315; junior standing; by permission only. Work experience under supervision of a qualified professional in a clinical setting. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

492 Topics in Biology V 1-3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours.

494 Seminar in Mathematical Biology 1 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 4 hours. Course Prerequisite: MATH 140 with a C or better, or MATH 172 with a C or better, or MATH 182 with a C or better; BIOLOGY 101, BIOLOGY 102, BIOLOGY 106, or BIOLOGY 107. Oral presentation of research approaches, research results and literature review of mathematical biology including mathematical modeling of biological systems. (Crosslisted course offered as MATH 494, BIOLOGY 494). Typically offered Spring. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students. S, F grading.

495 Internship in Biology, Botany, and Zoology V 1-4 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 8 hours. Course Prerequisite: By permission only. Experience in work related to specific career interests. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

496 [M] Special Problems and Reports V 1-4 Course Prerequisite: By permission only. Independent project with written project proposal, progress report, and final report required. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

497 Instructional Practicum V 1-4 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 8 hours. Academic traineeship in laboratory teaching and tutoring. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

499 Special Problems V 1-4 May be repeated for credit. Course Prerequisite: By permission only. Independent study conducted under the jurisdiction of an approving faculty member; may include independent research studies in technical or specialized problems; selection and analysis of specified readings; development of a creative project; or field experiences. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

500 Seminar 1 May be repeated for credit. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

501 Proposal Defense Seminar 2 Research proposal defense as part of the preliminary examination for candidacy in the Ph.D. program. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

504 Experimental Methods in Plant Physiology 4 (2-6) Advanced techniques and instrumental methods applicable to research in plant physiology. Typically offered Odd Years - Fall.

509 Plant Anatomy 4 (2-6) Developmental anatomy and morphology of vascular plants; economic forms. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 409 and BIOLOGY 509. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Even Years - Fall.

512 Molecular Mechanisms of Plant Development 3 Physiology of growth; metabolism during development and reproduction.

513 Plant Metabolism 3 Metabolic processes unique to plants, including the primary incorporation of nitrogen, sulfur, carbon dioxide and phosphate into bio-molecules. Typically offered Even Years - Fall.

514 Fish Genetics 2 Chromosomal, biochemical, quantitative, and ecological aspects of fish genetics with emphasis on applications to aquaculture and fish management. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

517 Stress Physiology of Plants 3 Temperature, light, salinity, water effects on physiological processes; mechanistic understanding of stress. Typically offered Even Years - Spring.

519 Introduction to Population Genetics 3 Survey of basic population and quantitative genetics. Typically offered Fall. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

520 Conservation Genetics 2 Genetic studies and approaches relevant to efforts to conserve threatened and endangered populations of organisms.

521 Quantitative Genetics 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 519. Fundamentals of quantitative genetics; evolutionary quantitative genetics. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

531 Principles of Systematic Biology 3 Systematic theory; history and current views; approaches to phylogenetic analysis and classification.

533 Modern Methods in Phylogenetics 4 (2-6) Selecting, gathering, and analyzing morphological, cytological, molecular data for phylogenetic and evolutionary studies. Typically offered Even Years - Fall.

534 Modern Methods in Population Genomics 3 Course Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 519. Problems and prospects of designing a study with genomic data: from raw data to demography and selection inferences. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring.

537 Plant Cell Biology 3 Structure and function of plant cells including membrane biology, protein targeting and molecular signaling with emphasis on current research. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring.

540 Stable Isotope Theory and Methods 3 Theory and practice of measuring stable isotope ratios of biologically important elements. Typically offered Odd Years - Fall. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

544 Nitrogen Cycling in the Earth's Systems 3 Nitrogen dynamics in terrestrial, aquatic, and atmospheric systems; nitrogen transformations in natural and managed systems and responses to human activities. (Crosslisted course offered as BIOLOGY 544, SOIL SCI 544).

545 Statistical Genomics 3 (2-3) Develop concepts and analytical skills for modern breeding by using Genome-Wide Association Study and genomic prediction in framework of mixed linear models and Bayesian approaches. (Crosslisted course offered as CROP SCI 545, ANIM SCI 545, BIOLOGY 545, HORT 545, PL P 545.) Recommended preparation: BIOLOGY 474; MBIOS 478. Typically offered Spring. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

546 Mutualism and Symbiosis 3 Critical evaluation of the ecology, evolution, and molecular biology of mutualism and symbiosis. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 446 and 546. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Even Years - Spring.

548 Evolutionary Ecology of Populations 3 Evolutionary dynamics of natural populations and the co-evolution of species. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

549 Behavioral Ecology 3 Examination of animal behavior from evolutionary and ecological perspectives. Typically offered Even Years - Fall.

556 Biochemical Adaptation 3 Relationships between enzyme/macromolecule adaptation and animal performance.

559 Hormones, Brain and Behavior 3 Classical behavioral endocrinology from molecular to whole organisms, integrating evolutionary ecology, neuroethology and behavioral neuroendocrinology. Typically offered Even Years - Fall.

560 Plant Ecophysiology 3 Relationships of biotic and abiotic environment to plant distribution and evolution through study of physiological processes.

561 Environmental Physiology 3 Individual and evolutionary adaptations to changing environments with emphasis on recent literature. Typically offered Even Years - Spring.

562 Community Ecology 3 Assembly, essential properties, levels of interactions, succession, and stability of natural communities; emphasizes an experimental approach to community investigation. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 462 and BIOLOGY 562. Recommended preparation: BIOLOGY 372. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Fall.

563 Field Ecology 2 (0-6) Field implementation of descriptive and experimental techniques to quantify the structure, composition, and interactions within natural communities. Field trips required. Typically offered Even Years - Spring. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

564 Molecular Ecology and Phylogeography 3 Use of genetic markers for the study of ecological phenomena, including kinship, population structure, and phylogeography. Typically offered Even Years - Fall. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

565 Ecology and Evolution of Disease 3 Disease ecology and evolution with a focus on current literature. Recommended preparation: BIOLOGY 372; BIOLOGY 405. Typically offered Odd Years - Fall. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

566 Mathematical Genetics 3 Mathematical approaches to population genetics and genome analysis; theories and statistical analyses of genetic parameters. (Crosslisted course offered as MATH 563, BIOLOGY 566). Required preparation must include multivariate calculus, genetics, and statistics. Typically offered Odd Years - Fall. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

567 Ecological Restoration 3 Introduction to major issues in restoration ecology; major ecological dimensions of restoration.

568 Conservation Ecology 3 Diagnosis of endangered species, population viability analysis, invasive species ecology, landscape ecology and ecosystem management.

569 [M] Ecosystem Ecology and Global Change 3 Historic and current factors controlling the function of ecosystems and their responses to natural and human caused global change. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 469 and 569. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

570 Diversity of Plants 3 Morphological, life history, and ecological diversity of major plant clades; emphasis on principles of homology, character transformation, and macroevolution.

571 Quantitative Toolkit for Biologists 3 Course Prerequisite: STAT 512. Hands-on experience in the exploration, analysis, and interpretation of patterns in modern biological datasets. Typically offered Even Years - Spring.

572 Quantitative Methods and Statistics in Ecology 4 (3-3) Course Prerequisite: By permission only. Philosophy and methods of formulating hypotheses as mathematical models and confronting them with data. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring.

573 Ancient DNA 3 The prospects and problems associated with the study of ancient DNA are explored through reading and discussing primary literature. Typically offered Even Years - Spring.

575 Systems Biology of Reproduction 3 Current literature based course on systems biology with a molecular/epigenetic to physiological level understanding of cell, development, disease, and evolutionary biology. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 475 and 575. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Even Years - Spring.

576 Epigenetics and Systems Biology 3 Current literature based course on epigenetics and systems biology with topics in environmental epigenetics, disease etiology, and role epigenetics in evolutionary biology. Credit not granted for both BIOLOGY 476 and 576. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Odd Years - Spring.

579 Mathematical Modeling in the Biological and Health Sciences 3 Techniques, theory, and current literature in mathematical modeling in the biological and health sciences, including computational simulation. (Course offered as BIOLOGY 579, MATH 579). Typically offered Odd Years - Fall. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

581 Comparative Biology of Social Traditions 3 Phylogenetic and modeling perspectives used to examine the evolution of social learning and cultural transmission in humans and other animals. (Crosslisted course offered as ANTH 581, BIOLOGY 581).

582 Professional Communication in Biology - Grant Writing 2 Mechanics and style of publishing biological research and findings; adaptation of writing to various venues and audiences with emphasis on grant writing. Typically offered Spring.

585 Professional Development and Training for College and University Teaching 2 Preparation for roles as teaching assistants and as instructors of undergraduate classroom education. Typically offered Fall.

589 Advanced Topics in Biology V 1-3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Recent advances in biology.

591 Seminar in Molecular Plant Sciences 1 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 4 hours. A cross-discipline seminar, including botany, crop and soils sciences, horticulture, plant pathology, and molecular plant sciences.

593 Seminar I 1 May be repeated for credit. Literature and problems. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

597 Teaching Practicum V 1-4 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 4 hours. Zoology laboratory teaching internship. S, F grading.

600 Special Projects or Independent Study V 1-18 May be repeated for credit. Independent study, special projects, and/or internships. Students must have graduate degree-seeking status and should check with their major advisor before enrolling in 600 credit, which cannot be used toward the core graded credits required for a graduate degree. S, F grading.

700 Master's Research, Thesis, and/or Examination V 1-18 May be repeated for credit. Independent research and advanced study for students working on their master's research, thesis and/or final examination. Students must have graduate degree-seeking status and should check with their major advisor/committee chair before enrolling for 700 credit. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, U grading.

702 Master's Special Problems, Directed Study and/or Examination V 1-18 May be repeated for credit. Independent research in special problems, directed study, and/or examination credit for students in a non-thesis master's degree program. Students must have graduate degree-seeking status and should check with their major advisor/committee chair before enrolling for 702 credit. S, U grading.

800 Doctoral Research, Dissertation, and/or Examination V 1-18 May be repeated for credit. Course Prerequisite: Admitted to the Biology, Plant Biology, Botany, or Zoology PhD program. Independent research and advanced study for students working on their doctoral research, dissertation and/or final examination. Students must have graduate degree-seeking status and should check with their major advisor/committee chair before enrolling for 800 credit. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, U grading.


Electron Microscopy (E_MIC)

Fall 2020 Spring 2021 


586 Special Projects in Electron Microscopy V 2 (0-6) to 3 (0-9) May be repeated for credit. Practical training in one or more areas of electron microscopy; TEM, SEM, ultramicrotomy, specimen processing; confocal fluorescent microscopy. Typically offered Fall and Spring. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

587 Special Topics in Electron Microscopy 1 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 4 hours. Typically offered Fall and Spring. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students. S, F grading.


Science (SCIENCE)

Fall 2020 Spring 2021 


101 [PSCI] Integrated Science: Origins in the Natural World 4 (3-3) Interdisciplinary approach to science in the modern world for non-science majors. Field trip(s) may be required. Typically offered Fall.

102 [BSCI] Integrated Science: Dynamic Systems in the Natural World 4 (3-3) Interdisciplinary approach to science in the modern world for non-science majors. Typically offered Spring.

103 Science and Scientific Thinking 1 (0-3) Exploring science as a tool for understanding nature using case studies, experimentation, and data analysis. Topics range from atoms to ecosystems including physiology, inheritance, and the carbon cycle. Credit not granted towards elective requirements for majors in the School of Biological Sciences. Recommended for students with an ALEKS math placement score of less than 45%. (Crosslisted course offered as BIOLOGY 103, SCIENCE 103). Typically offered Fall.

210 Your Future in Life Sciences 2 Exploration of career options in biological sciences with faculty and outside speakers; guide to preparing resume and career plans. (Crosslisted course offered as SCIENCE 210, BIOLOGY 210).

Student Affairs Schedules of Classes Commencement Veteran's Affairs Summer Session
 
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