The Washington State University Catalog

Department of English

The online catalog includes the most recent changes to courses and degree requirements that have been approved by the Faculty Senate, including changes that are not yet effective. Courses showing two entries of the same number indicate that the course information is changing. The most recently approved version is shown first, followed by the older version, in gray, with its last-effective term preceding the course title. Courses shown in gray with only one entry of the course number are being discontinued.

Department of English

libarts.wsu.edu/english/
Avery 202, Pullman campus
509-335-2581

Associate Professor and Chair, T. Butler; Professors, P. Chilson, W. Condon, W. Hamlin, M. Hanly, G. Kennedy, D. Lee, T. Reed, S. Ross, C. Siegel; Associate Professors, K. Arola, N. Bell, D. Campbell, R. Eddy, P. Ericsson, L. Gordon, D. Grigar, J. Hegglund, D. Hellegers, W. Johnson, T. Lewis, L. McAuley, B. Monroe, P. Narayanan, A. Oforlea, W. Olson, A. Rohrbach; Assistant Professors, C. Arigo, M. Balaev, V. Cozza, A. Davis, M. Edwards, D. Menchaca, R. Whitson; Professors Emeriti, B. Anawalt, P. Brians, J. Burbick, J. Ehrstine, T. Faulkner, D. Gillespie, A. Hammond, D. Hughes, V. Hyde, R. Johnson, N. Kiessling, A. Kuo, R. Law, S. Linden, R. McLean, R. Meldrum, B. Sitko, J. Taylor, A. von Frank.

Majors in English provide students with a broad critical and cultural understanding of literature and literary studies, and emphasize the writing and analytical skills that are vital to success in the university, in professional and graduate school, and in the workplace. The program of study is flexible and allows English majors to focus on particular areas of intellectual interest, to pursue electives, minors, and second majors in other departments, and to shape their academic careers in line with professional and personal interests. The curriculum is designed for (1) students who desire a broad education emphasizing language and literature, (2) students who wish to teach or to prepare for graduate studies in literature or rhetoric and composition, (3) students who intend to use the background and skills learned in the major as a foundation for careers in writing, editing, law, business, or public service and public relations. The curriculum provides majors the opportunity to complete their studies with a small discussion seminar or senior project in their area of emphasis.

Majors in English are expected to learn to read literary and cultural texts carefully and critically; to produce a variety of high-quality creative and critical texts using appropriate technologies that contribute to literary and cultural discourses; to develop abilities in critical reading, writing, and thinking necessary to communicate successfully with audiences both within and outside the university; and to explore the record of the human experience in language.

Students who are preparing to teach English in the public schools of Washington should examine the summary of requirements for majors and minors listed in the Department of Teaching and Learning in this catalog, and they should confer with the College of Education concerning the requirements for certification.

The Department of English offers courses of study leading to the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts, and Doctor of Philosophy (English). The department participates in the interdepartmental program in American Studies leading to the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts, and Doctor of Philosophy (American Studies). Students interested in the Bachelor of Arts in this interdisciplinary field should consult the requirements listed under Program in American Studies. English also participates in the Digital Technology and Culture program, which offers an interdisciplinary course of study leading to the Bachelor of Arts degree. Students interested in this field should consult the requirements listed under Digital Technology and Culture. Students interested in interdisciplinary degrees in areas such as linguistics, humanities, and classical studies should consult the requirements within the Program in General Studies. Students may now also do an English degree consisting primarily of international literature, philosophy, art, architecture, and music courses from the Humanities sequence offered jointly by the departments of Foreign Languages and English, within the Literary Studies option described below.

English Major Options

Four programs are offered for the English major, all leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts in English.

Option I: Literary Studies is for students who desire a general liberal arts education emphasizing literature, critical thinking, and writing; and for those preparing for graduate education in English or literary studies. English is often selected as a major by students with double majors or minors in other departments.

Option II: Rhetoric and Professional Writing is for students preparing for careers in business, public service, law, or other professions requiring writing and reading skills. It is also suitable for those seeking careers in higher education specializing in rhetoric and composition.

Option III: Teaching is for students who need specific training in the teaching of language and literature at the secondary level; it is coordinated with the Department of Teaching and Learning.

Option IV: Creative Writing is for students interested in creative writing in various forms (poetry, fiction, nonfiction prose), in editing and publishing, and in careers drawing on related creative and professional skills.

Student Learning Outcomes

A graduate in English studies is a creative and critical thinker and writer. An education in English presents students with opportunities to practice reading literary and cultural texts carefully and critically. Students produce a variety of creative and critical texts using appropriate technologies that contribute to literary and cultural discourses. They develop their abilities in critical reading, writing, and thinking necessary for them to communicate successfully with other audiences both within and outside the University. In other words, English majors not only explore the record of human experience in language, but also develop foundational skills necessary to pursue multiple and varied career paths. For more information, please see: http://libarts.wsu.edu/english/Undergraduate.html

Digital Technology and Culture

Digital Technology and Culture is an interdisciplinary degree program that integrates humanities, social sciences, and technology in a critical and creative framework designed to meet individual student interests as well as the needs of contemporary audiences and employers. Digital Technology and Culture majors work at the frontier of today’s technology, while learning the importance of technological history and preparing themselves to live in and understand a culture increasingly influenced by digital technology.  If you are interested in mixing art and technology, in language and culture, and in persuasion and effective communication then DTC is the major for you. For further information, consult the separate entry for “Digital Technology and Culture.”

Preparation for Graduate Study

Students interested in a graduate program in English at Washington State University should offer preparation in English courses generally approximating one of the first three undergraduate programs described above. Students with undergraduate majors in such subjects as philosophy, foreign languages, and history may also be accepted for graduate study in the department. Students preparing for degrees which require a foreign language reading competency should begin studying a qualifying language before entering graduate school. See the “Language Requirements” page on the Department of English Graduate Studies Web site for further details.

Degree Programs

Honors students complete the Honors College requirements which replace the UCORE requirements.

I. English - Literary Studies Option(120 Hours)

Requirements in this degree include fifteen hours of core classes (302, 370, 371, 372, and 373), fifteen hours 300-400 level English literature or Humanities classes, at least six of them at the 400 level, and six hours of electives in English or Humanities at any level, excluding ENGLISH 201. One of these must be an advisor-approved writers-of-color class. Total: 36 hours.
First Year
First TermHours
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Humanities [HUM]13
Quantitative Reasoning [QUAN]3
Electives4
Second TermHours
Biological Sciences [BSCI] with lab or SCIENCE 101 [SCI]4
Creative & Professional Arts [ARTS]3
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Electives (English or Humanities recommended)6
Second Year
First TermHours
Creative & Professional Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
ENGLISH 302 [M], or Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
ENGLISH or HUMANITY Elective3
Physical Sciences [PSCI] with lab or SCIENCE 102 [SCI]4
Second TermHours
Diversity [DIVR]3
ENGLISH 370, 371, 372, or 3736
Electives6
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermHours
ENGLISH 370, 371, 372, or 3736
300-400-level Literature or Humanities Elective3
Electives6
Second TermHours
300-400-level Literature or Humanities Electives6
Electives12
Fourth Year
First TermHours
300-400-level Electives9
300-400-level Literature or Humanities Elective3
ENGLISH Senior Seminar or 400-level Literature or Humanities Elective3
Second TermHours
ENGLISH Senior Seminar or 400-level Literature or Humanities Elective3
Integrative Capstone [CAPS]3
Electives6

Footnotes

1At least one from HUMANITY 101, 103, 302, 303, 304, 335, 350, 410, or 450 is required. Upper-division HUMANITY courses are not recommended for first-year students.

II. English - Rhetoric and Professional Writing Option(120 Hours)

Requirements in this degree are a core of eighteen hours of 300-400 level classes, twelve to eighteen hours of electives from the list of approved courses, and the option of one or two electives – with the approval of advisor – of any English or Humanities course at any level. Required courses/core (18 hours): 301, 302, 360, 362, and 460 or 461 (Prerequisite of ENGLISH 402 or 403 required for 461). One transnational lit course (chosen in consultation with advisor) from 370, 371, 372, 373, 460, or 461. Electives (18 hours): 308, 336, 354, 355, 358, 361, 363, 375, 401, 402, 405, 410, 458, 461, 475, 476, 495, any creative writing course deemed appropriate by CW faculty, the student, and her or his advisor.
First Year
First TermHours
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Humanities [HUM]13
Quantitative Reasoning [QUAN]3
Electives4
Second TermHours
Biological Sciences [BSCI] with lab or SCIENCE 101 [SCI]4
Creative & Professional Arts [ARTS]3
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Electives6
Second Year
First TermHours
Creative & Professional Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
ENGLISH 301 [WRTG]3
ENGLISH 3023
Physical Sciences [PSCI] with lab or SCIENCE 102 [SCI]4
Electives3
Second TermHours
Diversity [DIVR]3
ENGLISH 3603
ENGLISH 3623
ENGLISH 370, 371, 372, or 3733
Elective3
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermHours
300-400-level Rhetoric / Professional Writing Electives6
Electives9
Second TermHours
300-400-level Rhetoric / Professional Writing Electives6
Electives9
Fourth Year
First TermHours
300-400-level Rhetoric / Professional Writing Electives6
300-400-level Electives6
Second TermHours
ENGLISH 460 or 46123
Integrative Capstone [CAPS]3
Electives9

Footnotes

1At least one from HUMANITY 101, 103, 302, 303, 304, 335, 350, 410, or 450 is required. Upper-division HUMANITY courses are not recommended for first-year students.
2Prerequisite of ENGLISH 402 or 403 required for ENGLISH 461.

III. English - Creative Writing Option(120 Hours)

Requirements in this option involve 39-credit hours, approximately half in creative writing and related professional courses, the remainder in supporting literature courses approved by the advisor. In addition to these requirements, students are urged to elect UCORE courses in American and world cultures, history, and society to round out the liberal arts education that they will bring to careers in creative writing, editing, publishing, and related fields.
First Year
First TermHours
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Humanities [HUM]13
Quantitative Reasoning [QUAN]3
Electives4
Second TermHours
Biological Sciences [BSCI] with lab or SCIENCE 101 [SCI]4
Creative & Professional Arts [ARTS]3
ENGLISH 2513
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Electives3
Second Year
First TermHours
Creative & Professional Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
ENGLISH 351 or 3533
Physical Sciences [PSCI] with lab or SCIENCE 102 [SCI]4
Electives (literature courses recommended)6
Second TermHours
Diversity [DIVR]3
ENGLISH 302 [M], or Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
ENGLISH 3523
Literature Elective, ENGLISH or HUMANITY3
Electives3
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermHours
Literature Elective (300-400-level ENGLISH or HUMANITY)3
Electives12
Second TermHours
ENGLISH 451, 452, or 4533
Writers of Color23
300-400-level Electives9
Fourth Year
First TermHours
Integrative Capstone [CAPS]3
Literature Elective (400-level ENGLISH or HUMANITY)3
Literature or Creative Writing Elective (300- or 400-level)3
300-400-level Electives6
Second TermHours
Creative Writing or Literature Elective, ENGLISH or HUMANITY3
ENGLISH 451 or 4523
Electives6

Footnotes

1At least one from HUMANITY 101, 103, 302, 303, 304, 335, 350, 410, or 450 is required. Upper-division courses are not recommended for first-year students.
2See advisor for approved list of courses.

IV. English - Teaching Option(120 Hours)

First Year
First TermHours
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Humanities [HUM]13
Electives3
Second TermHours
Biological Sciences [BSCI] with lab or SCIENCE 101 [SCI]4
Creative & Professional Arts [ARTS]3
PSYCH 105 [SSCI]23
Quantitative Reasoning [QUAN]3
Second Year
First TermHours
Creative & Professional Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
ENGLISH 302, or Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
ENGLISH 3263
Physical Sciences [PSCI] with lab or SCIENCE 102 [SCI]4
Second TermHours
Diversity [DIVR]3
ENGLISH 205, 305, or 3063
ENGLISH 370, 371, 372, or 3736
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermHours
ENGLISH 3253
ENGLISH 370, 371, 372, or 3733
English or Humanities Elective33
TCH LRN 3013
Second TermHours
ENGLISH 3243
English or Humanities Elective3
Integrative Capstone [CAPS]3
TCH LRN 3172
Electives3
Fourth Year
First TermHours
ENGLISH 3233
English or Humanities Elective3
TCH LRN 4643
TCH LRN 4653
TCH LRN 4662
Second TermHours
ED PSYCH 4683
English or Humanities Elective3
TCH LRN 4673
TCH LRN 4692
TCH LRN 4703
Fifth Year
First TermHours
TCH LRN 41516

Footnotes

1At least one from HUMANITY 101, 103, 302, 303, 304, 335, 350, 410, or 450 is required. Upper-division courses are not recommended for first-year students.
2Required for admission to the certification program.
3Must include one ENGLISH [M] course.

V. English - Teaching Without Certificate Option(120 Hours)

First Year
First TermHours
ENGLISH 101 [WRTG]3
HISTORY 105 [ROOT]3
Humanities [HUM]13
Social Sciences [SSCI]3
Second TermHours
Biological Sciences [BSCI] with lab or SCIENCE 101 [SCI]4
Creative & Professional Arts [ARTS]3
Quantitative Reasoning [QUAN]3
Electives6
Second Year
First TermHours
Diversity [DIVR]3
ENGLISH 302, or Communication [COMM] or Written Communication [WRTG]3
Physical Sciences [PSCI] with lab or SCIENCE 102 [SCI]4
Electives6
Second TermHours
ENGLISH 205, 305, or 3063
ENGLISH 3263
ENGLISH 370, 371, 372, or 3736
Electives4
Complete Writing Portfolio
Third Year
First TermHours
Creative & Professional Arts [ARTS], Humanities [HUM], or Social Sciences [SSCI]3
ENGLISH 3253
English or Humanities Electives3
Electives6
Second TermHours
ENGLISH 324 [M]3
English or Humanities Electives3
Integrative Capstone [CAPS]3
300-400-level Electives6
Fourth Year
First TermHours
ENGLISH 3233
English or Humanities Electives3
300-400-level Electives9
Second TermHours
ENGLISH 370, 371, 372, or 3733
English or Humanities Electives3
Electives9

Footnotes

1At least one from HUMANITY 101, 103, 302, 303, 304, 335, 350, 410, or 450 is required. Upper-division courses are not recommended for first-year students.

Minors

English

The student must complete a minimum of 18 hours in English courses (excluding 101 and 198), half of which must be 300-400-level and taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses; ENGLISH 302 is required.

Humanities Minor

The Department of English administers the Humanities minor. For details, see the separate entry under "Humanities."

Linguistics

The student must complete 18 hours, half of which must be 300-400-level, in the following courses: For Lang 101 or ENGLISH 256; ENGLISH 255 or PHIL 201; ENGLISH 443 (phonology); ENGLISH 444 (syntax); and two from ENGLISH 454, ENGLISH 456 (language acquisition), ENGLISH 457 (sociolinguistics), ENGLISH 458 (topics in linguistics), ANTH 350, PSYCH 492, or PHIL 443.  9 hours of upper-division work must be taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses.

Professional Writing

The professional writing minor requires 18 hours, half of which must be 300-400-level and taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses, and include ENGLISH 301, 402 or 403 and 461. In addition, 12 hours from ENGLISH 255, 256, 300, 354, 355, 401, 402, 403, 405, 478 and 498 are required.

Certificates

Editing and Publishing Certificate

This career-oriented program equips students with a working, practical knowledge in the creative and professional fields of editing and publishing. To earn the certificate, students must complete the following three core courses: ENGL 355, 357, and 405 (9 credits), plus one (3 credit) elective from the following: ENGL 451, 452, 453, or 477. Students must also complete two 1-credit internships from a slate of approved editorial-based positions. The capstone course is a 1-credit directed study approved by the student’s advisor. Students must complete all coursework with a 3.0 GPA or better.

Professional Science and Technology Writing Certificate

To earn the Professional Science and Technology Writing Certificate, students must complete ENGLISH 301, 402, and 495, and two electives from ANIM SCI 280, 285, ANTH  260, 309, BIOLOGY 110, 125, 135, 330, 393, 394, 401, BIOLOGY/WOMEN ST 407, CES 465, ENTOM 150, ENVR SCI 275, 285, 335, ENVR SCI/NATRS 438, FS 201, GEOLOGY 210, HISTORY 381, 382, HORT 150, MATH 398, MBIOS 320, NATRS 312, PHIL 350, 365, 370, PSYCH 320, 401, 403, PSYCH/WOMEN ST 324, SOC 333, SOIL SCI 360, or STAT 205. All coursework must be completed with a 3.00 gpa or higher.  The certificate can be earned through the Distance Degree Program and/or on-campus offerings. The university undergraduate certificate fee will apply.

Professional Writing Certificate

To earn the Professional Writing Certificate, students must complete the following five courses with a 3.0 gpa or better: Anth 350, Engl 301, 355, 402, and 498. Engl 498 must be taken only after the other four courses have been completed. The certificate can be earned through the Distance Degree Program and/or on-campus offerings. The university undergraduate certificate fee will apply.

Teaching English as a Foreign Language Certificate

To earn the Teaching English as a Foreign Language Certificate, students must complete 18 hours including the following courses: ENGLISH 443, 444, 456, 457, ENGLISH 495 or FOR LANG 440, and ENGLISH 498.  ENGLISH 255 is highly recommended.

Courses

English (ENGLISH / ENGL)

100 Introductory College Composition 3 Course Prerequisite: Appropriate Writing Exam score. Designed to introduce students to writing and reading in the university. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

101 [WRTG] [W] College Composition 3 Course Prerequisite: Appropriate Writing Exam score or completion of ENGLISH 100 with an S grade. Designed to further develop students' academic writing, critical thinking, rhetorical strategies, reading and library skills. Credit not granted for more than one of ENGLISH 101 and 105. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

102 Writing Tutorial 1 (0-3) May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 5 hours. Student-centered group tutorial focusing on writing improvement usually connected to the ENGLISH 101 course. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

104 Introductory Composition for Multilingual Writers 3 Course Prerequisite: Appropriate Writing Exam score. Designed to introduce non-native speakers of English to writing and reading in the university. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

105 [WRTG] [W] College Composition for Multilingual Writers 3 Course Prerequisite: Appropriate Writing Exam score, or ENGLISH 104 with a C or better. Designed to further develop academic writing, critical thinking, reading, library skills, and rhetorical strategies for non-native speakers of English. Credit not granted for more than one of ENGLISH 101 and 105. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

106 [COMM] Communicating in Academic Contexts 3 Designed to help improve listening and speaking skills for better participation in academic interactions across campus. For ESL students.

107 Writing Tutorial for Multilingual Writers 1 (0-3) May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 5 hours. Student-centered group tutorial focusing on writing improvement usually connected to the ENGLISH 105 course. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

108 [HUM] [H] Introduction to Literature 3 Reading short stories, novels, plays, and poetry by diverse voices; role of conventions, culture, history in interpretation of literature. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 108 and 199. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

110 [HUM] [H] Reading Now 3 Contemporary writing including fiction, poetry, creative nonfiction and graphic novels. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

150 Introduction of Film as Narrative 3 (2-3) Introduction to analysis of techniques and elements of narrative film and to critical vocabulary for its study as art form. Typically offered Fall.

199 [H] English Composition and Literature Honors 3 Open to students only in the Honors College. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 108 and 199.

200 [W] Expository Writing V 1-2 Course Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. For transfer students who need to make up writing credits.

201 [WRTG] [W] Writing and Research 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 101, 105, or 298. Designed to develop students' researching skills for writing across the disciplines. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

202 Grammar in Context 1 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 5 hours. Tutorial to assist students in mastering conventions of Standard Edited American English. Assigned tutorials in the WSU Writing Center. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

205 [HUM] [H] Introduction to Shakespeare 3 Shakespeare plays with emphasis on stage productions and film adaptations in various cultural contexts. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

210 [HUM] [H] Readings in American Literature 3 Selected works by diverse voices from different eras of American literature; importance of conventions, cultural contexts, for interpretation and understanding. Typically offered Fall.

211 [HUM] [H] Sex Matters: Introduction to Queer Culture and Literature 3 Introduction to Lesbian/queer cultural production focusing on popular culture, fiction, and film; work from various queer communities in its cultural/historical context. (Crosslisted course offered as WOMEN ST 211, ENGLISH 211). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

216 [S,D] American Cultures 3 Introduction to the interdisciplinary study of American cultures and the field of American studies. (Crosslisted course offered as AMER ST 216, ENGLISH 216, HISTORY 216, WOMEN ST 216). Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

220 [HUM] [H,D] Introduction to Multicultural Literature 3 Survey of multicultural literature including European American, African American, Asian American, Chicana/o, and Native American authors. (Crosslisted course offered as CES 220, ENGLISH 220). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

222 [G] World Literature in English 3 Literature in English from such regions as Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean.

251 Introduction to Creative Writing: Exploring the Genres 3 Beginning writer's workshop covering short fiction, creative nonfiction, and poetry with discussion of the elements of each genre; poetic forms. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

252 Introduction to Creative Writing and Creative Writing Pedagogy 3 Beginning workshop with discussion and development of classroom approaches to three creative writing genres for the preprofessional secondary English teacher. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

255 English Grammar 3 Introduction to the terms, concepts, and analytical methods of traditional English grammar. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

256 Introduction to Linguistics 3 Technical introduction to sound, meaning, and structure of words and sentences in natural languages. Typically offered Fall.

298 [WRTG] [W] Writing and Research Honors 3 Course Prerequisite: Must be an Honors student. Critical thinking, research, and advanced writing for Honors College students. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

299 Writing Tutorial for Honors Students 1 (0-3) May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 5 hours. Course Prerequisite: Must be an Honors student. Student-centered group tutorial focusing on writing improvement usually connected to the ENGLISH 298 course. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

300 Computers in English 1 (0-3) May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Use of computers in the writing process and in the analysis of literature. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

301 [WRTG] [W] Writing and Rhetorical Conventions 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 101, 105, or 298. Designed to provide students with advanced practice in and study of style, argument, and other rhetorical/discourse conventions. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

302 [W] [M] Introduction to English Studies 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 101 or 298. Interpretation of texts in several fields of English studies including rhetoric, literary study, creative writing and professional writing. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

303 Revision Workshop - ESL 3 Course Prerequisite: Completion of written communication proficiency course [W] or [WRTG]. Appreciation of writing processes and revision for speakers of English as a second or foreign language, including self-assessment, developing rhetorical approaches, diagnosing and solving consistent problems, editing, and proofreading strategies. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

304 Revision Workshop 3 Course Prerequisite: By permission only. Appreciation of writing processes and revision, including self-assessment, developing rhetorical approaches; diagnosing and solving consistent problems, editing, and proofreading strategies. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

305 [HUM] [H] Shakespeare 3 Shakespearean drama to 1600. Typically offered Fall.

306 [H] Shakespeare 3 Shakespearean drama after 1600. Typically offered Spring.

307 [M] Historicized Analysis of Literature 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 302 or concurrent enrollment. Introduction to analyzing literary texts in relation to literary and cultural history.

308 [H] [M] Introduction to Literary Criticism 3 Introduction to the systematic study of critical and theoretical approaches to literature; emphasis on problems of interpretation. (Crosslisted course offered as ENGLISH 308, WOMEN ST 306). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

309 [H] Women Writers 3 Women's artistic and intellectual contributions to prose, fiction, drama, and poetry. (Crosslisted course offered as ENGLISH 309, WOMEN ST 309). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

311 [HUM] [G] Asian Pacific American Literature 3 Asian American fiction, drama, poetry, and other arts, 1900 to present; impact of Asian/Pacific American culture and experience upon these works. (Crosslisted course offered as CES 313, ENGLISH 311). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

314 [M] Topics in Asian Pacific American Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Trends, themes, major writers. (Crosslisted course offered as CES 314, ENGLISH 314).

315 [M] Asian Pacific American Autobiography 3 Critical readings of the autobiographical works, memoirs, and life writings by Asian Pacific Americans. (Crosslisted course offered as CES 315, ENGLISH 315). Typically offered Fall.

316 [G] South Asian Film 3 (2-3) Exploration of films by directors in South Asia and in the South Asian diaspora.

317 [H,D] Gay and Lesbian Literature 3 Gay and lesbian literature with focus on the history of homosexual literature and exploration of current authors. (Crosslisted course offered as ENGLISH 317, WOMEN ST 317). Typically offered Spring.

321 [G] African American Literature 3 Introduction to major issues and major works in the African American literary tradition. (Crosslisted course offered as CES 331, ENGLISH 321). Typically offered Spring.

322 [M] Topics in African American Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Trends and major writers. (Crosslisted course offered as ENGLISH 322, CES 332). Typically offered Fall and Summer.

323 Approaches to the Teaching of English 3 Literature and language arts in secondary schools. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

324 [M] Rhetoric and Composition for Teaching 3 Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. Rhetoric, composition grammar, and assessment for secondary teaching. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

325 Young Adult Literature 3 Issues in literature written for young adults and strategies for teaching the genre in secondary schools. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

326 Applied Grammar for Teachers 3 Application of traditional English grammar for K-12 teachers, with focus on edited, American, African American, vernacular, and Spanish-influenced Englishes. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

332 [M] Topics in Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Special topics in fiction, poetry, drama, or creative nonfiction. Typically offered Fall.

336 [H] Composition and Design 3 Design practices and process for composing for a multimedia environment including color, pattern and shape. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 336, ENGLISH 336). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

337 Experimental Animation 3 (2-2) Digital and analog animation techniques; conceptual development of narrative structures. (Crosslisted course offered as ENGLISH 337, FINE ART 337).

338 [M] Topics: Major Trends and Figures 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Literary trends or major writers. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

339 [ARTS] Topics in Film as Literature 3 (2-3) May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Analytical study of film as major literary genre. Typically offered Spring.

340 Science Fiction Film 3 (2-3) Major science fiction films and the literature which inspired them.

341 [G] [M] Native American Literature 3 Native American literature, by and about the original inhabitants, image and counter-image, with emphasis on the 20th century. (Crosslisted course offered as CES 373, ENGLISH 341). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

342 [ARTS] Documentary Film Theory and Production 3 (2-2) Theory of documentary film in social contexts culminating in the creation of actual documentary films by students.

345 [G] [M] Chicana/o - Latina/o Literature 3 Chicana/o and Latina/o literature, narrative, novel, autobiography, poetry, short story, and drama. (Crosslisted course offered as CES 353, ENGLISH 345). Typically offered Fall.

351 Creative Writing: Prose 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 251 or 252. Workshop approach to writing prose. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

352 Creative Writing: Poetry 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 251 or 252. Workshop approach to poetry writing. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

353 Creative Writing: Nonfiction 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 251 or 252. Writing literary nonfiction: practice and theory. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

354 Digital Storytelling 3 Nonlinear, multi-linear, and interactive narrative using elements of creative writing such as character, dialog, setting, plot and image. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 354, ENGLISH 354). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

355 [C] [M] Multimedia Authoring: Exploring New Rhetorics 3 Writing for new computer-based media; multimedia authoring project; examination of new rhetorics of information technology. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 355, ENGLISH 355). Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

356 Electronic Research and the Rhetoric of Information 3 Course Prerequisite: DTC 101. Social and cultural role of information; research with electronic sources; production, validation, storage, retrieval, evaluation, use, impact of electronic information. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 356, ENGLISH 356). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

356 (Effective through Summer 2015) Electronic Research and the Rhetoric of Information 3 Social and cultural role of information; research with electronic sources; production, validation, storage, retrieval, evaluation, use, impact of electronic information. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 356, ENGLISH 356). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

357 Literary Editing and Publishing 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Personal and collaborative editing for literary publication; practices of style; macro- and micro-editing. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

358 Workshop Topics in Writing, Teaching, Literature 1 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. An intensive, time-limited workshop, offered by visiting writers, scholars, and other experts, in topics of special interest. Typically offered Fall and Spring. S, F grading.

359 Topics in Creative Writing 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 9 hours. Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 251 or 252. Specialized topics in creative writing. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

360 Principles of Rhetoric 3 Basic concepts and approaches to the art of persuasion. Typically offered Fall.

361 [H] Everyday Rhetorics 3 Rhetorics as language and image of popular culture. Typically offered Spring.

362 [DIVR] Rhetorics of Racism 3 The language of racism since WWII. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

363 Rhetoric: Literacy, Power and Agency 3 Major discussions on literacy emphasizing the historical, social, linguistic and pedagogical.

364 Legal Writing 3 Introduction to the American legal system and the style, arguments and accepted forms of professional writing in this discipline. Typically offered Fall.

366 [HUM] [H] The British Novel to 1900 3 Exploration of the diverse themes, social contexts, and intellectual backgrounds of the novel and novel reading in Britain to 1900. Typically offered Fall.

368 [HUM] [H] The American Novel to 1900 3 Classic American novels in cultural perspective by such authors as Cooper, Hawthorne, Melville, Stowe, Twain, James, Jewett, Chopin, Crane, Dreiser. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

370 The Making of English: Literature, Language and Culture Before 1600 3 Literature before 1600, highlighting the making of English through its interaction with other cultures/languages including Anglo-Saxon. Typically offered Fall.

371 17th and 18th Century Transnational Literature in English 3 Literary and cultural texts in English from 1600 to 1800 including British and colonial American literatures within their transnational contexts. Typically offered Spring.

372 [HUM] 19th Century Literature of the British Empire and the Americas 3 Literary and cultural texts in English from 1800 to 1900 focusing on global British literature and literatures of the Americas. Typically offered Fall.

372 (Effective through Summer 2015) 19th Century Literature of the British Empire and the Americas 3 Literary and cultural texts in English from 1800 to 1900 focusing on global British literature and literatures of the Americas. Typically offered Fall.

373 20th and 21st Century Global Literatures in English 3 Literary and cultural texts in English from 1900 to the present focusing on literatures representing the complex processes of globalization. Typically offered Spring.

375 [H] [M] Language, Texts and Technology 3 Course Prerequisite: DTC 101. Relationship between technology and communication; writing practices from a historical point of view. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 375, ENGLISH 375). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

375 (Effective through Summer 2015) [H] [M] Language, Texts and Technology 3 Relationship between technology and communication; writing practices from a historical point of view. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 375, ENGLISH 375). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

401 History of Rhetoric 3 Survey of influential theories of rhetoric, ancient to modern. Typically offered Spring.

402 [WRTG] [W] [M] Technical and Professional Writing 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 101 or 298; junior standing. Research writing: defining, proposing, reporting progress; presenting a final product; other professional writing needs. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 402 and 403. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

403 [W] [M] Technical and Professional Writing ESL 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 101 or 105; junior standing; pass University Writing Portfolio. For non-native speakers of English. Special grammatical and rhetorical problems. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 402 and 403. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

405 Advanced Professional Writing and Editing 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 402. Other background may substitute. See department. Professional writing and editing; textual alterations, design, and layout, including internship experience. Typically offered Spring.

409 [T] Women Writers in the American West 3 Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. Diversity of writings by women in the trans-Missouri West from the 1890s to the present. (Crosslisted course offered as ENGLISH 409, WOMEN ST 409). Typically offered Fall.

410 [CAPS] [T] Cultural Criticism and Theory 3 Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. Major critiques and theories of colonialist and imperialist formations of culture. (Crosslisted course offered as CES 405, ENGLISH 410). Typically offered Fall and Summer.

415 [CAPS] [T] Traditions of Comedy and Tragedy 3 Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. Study of tragedy and comedy in the Age of Shakespeare. Typically offered Fall.

419 [T] The Twentieth Century Novel 3 Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. The novel in English in the literary and cultural context of the modern age. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

435 Advanced Animation 3 (2-2) Course Prerequisite: DTC 335. Advanced investigation of tools and methods for 2D and 3D digital animation. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 435, ENGLISH 435). Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

443 Phonology 3 Technical introductions to the analysis of the sound systems of human languages. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 443 and 543. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Fall and Spring. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

444 Syntax 3 Technical introduction to the generative analysis of sentence structure with a focus on English. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 444 and 544. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

446 Form and Theory in Creative Writing: Prose and Poetry 3 Course Prerequisite: One of following: English 351, 352, 353, or 359. Formal elements of fiction, creative nonfiction, poetry for creative writing students; analysis of contemporary applications of traditional and experimental techniques. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

451 [M] Advanced Creative Writing: Fiction 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Course Prerequisite: One of following: English 351, 352, 353, or 359. Advanced workshop in writing fiction or creative nonfiction prose. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

452 [M] Advanced Creative Writing: Poetry 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Course Prerequisite: One of following: English 351, 352, 353, or 359. Workshop approach to poetry writing for the advanced student. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

453 Advanced Creative Writing: Nonfiction Prose 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Course Prerequisite: One of following: English 351, 352, 353, or 359. Advanced workshop in writing creative nonfiction prose. Typically offered Spring.

454 History of the English Language 3 Language related to the origin, history, and literature of its speakers. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 454 and ENGLISH 554. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Spring.

456 Language Acquisition 3 Theories and processes of first, second, and bilingual language acquisition. Typically offered Spring.

457 Sociolinguistics 3 Study of language in social context and its relationship to social structures. Typically offered Spring.

458 Topics in Linguistics 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Topics in the structure, use, and function of language. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

460 [M] The Scope of Rhetoric 3 Major themes in contemporary rhetoric. Typically offered Fall.

461 [M] Theory and Practice in Technical and Professional Writing 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 402 or 403. Practices in technical and professional writing and the theories that challenge and/or legitimize those practices.

470 [T] Literature and Culture of the American West 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. Cultural exploration of American West in written texts; outsider and insider versions of reality and imagination of its diverse peoples. (Crosslisted course offered as ENGLISH 470, AMER ST 470). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

472 [T] Ecological Issues and American Nature Writing 3 Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. Representation of nature in American fiction and nonfiction; role of culture in shaping environmental problems and solutions. (Crosslisted course offered as AMER ST 472, ENGLISH 472). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

475 [T,D] Digital Diversity 3 Course Prerequisite: Junior standing. Cultural impact of electronic media, especially the World-Wide Web; issues of race, class, gender, sexuality online. (Crosslisted course offered as AMER ST 475, DTC 475, ENGLISH 475). Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

476 Digital Literacies 3 Course Prerequisite: DTC 375. Development and use of new literacies as they affect communication through technology. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 476, ENGLISH 476).

477 Advanced Multimedia Authoring 3 Course Prerequisite: DTC or ENGLISH 355. Advanced writing, imaging and teamwork skills for authoring in new computer-based media; website project in client-oriented context. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 477, ENGLISH 477). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

478 Usability and Interface Design 3 (0-6) Course Prerequisite: DTC or ENGLISH 355. Design of websites using best practices of visual literacy, interface architecture and usability. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 478, ENGLISH 478).

480 American Literature: Beginnings to 1865 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 302. Advanced study of major authors and movements from the period including Bradstreet, Wheatley, Franklin, Douglass, Poe, Emerson, and Hawthorne.

481 American Literature: 1865-1940 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 302. Advanced study of major authors and movements from the period including Whitman, Dickinson, Twain, Wharton, James, Hemingway, Faulkner, and Wright. Typically offered Spring.

482 American Literature: 1940-Present 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 302. Advanced study of major authors and movements from the period including O'Connor, Bellow, Salinger, Baldwin, Pynchon, Morrison, Tan, and Alexie. (Crosslisted course offered as ENGLISH 482, WOMEN ST 382). Typically offered Fall and Spring.

483 Chaucer and Medieval Literature 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 302. Advanced study of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales in the context of Medieval culture and literary tradition. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

484 English Literature of the 16th Century 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 302. Advanced study of English Renaissance literature, including More, Sidney, Spenser, Marlowe, and Shakespeare, in age of Humanism and Reformation. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 484 and ENGLISH 584. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Spring.

485 Milton and English Literature of the 17th Century 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 302. Advanced study of works from the Metaphysicals and Johnson through Milton, in the context of religious controversy and civil war.

486 English Literature of the Restoration and 18th Century 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 302. Advanced study of works form this revolutionary period, including Locke, Behn, Defoe, Pope, Johnson, Equiano, and others. Typically offered Fall.

487 British Romantic Literature 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 302. Advanced study of Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Mary Shelley, Keats, and others in an age of social and aesthetic revolution, 1770-1840. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

488 Victorian Literature 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 302. Advanced study of Tennyson, Dickens, Eliot, Wilde, and others in the context of science, industrialization, and empire, 1832-1901.

489 [DIVR] 20th/21st Century British and Postcolonial Literatures 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 302. Advanced study of modernist, postmodernist, and postcolonial writing from Britain, Ireland, Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and the Caribbean. Typically offered Spring.

492 [M] Advanced Topics in Literature, Criticism, and Theory 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Seminar with term paper project; focused studies in literature and critical theory. Not open to graduate students. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

494 [CAPS] [M] Advanced Topics in Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Course Prerequisite: Certified major in English; junior standing. Seminar with term paper project; focused studies in American, British, or global literatures. Not open to graduate students. Typically offered Spring.

495 Rhetoric of Science and Technology 3 Written, visual, and verbal conventions of scientific disciplines for academic, scientific, technical, and public audiences. Typically offered Spring.

498 Internship V 1-15 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 15 hours. Course Prerequisite: Certified major in English; junior standing. Cooperative learning experience in business, education, or industry in English-related jobs. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

499 Special Problems V 1-4 May be repeated for credit. Independent study conducted under the jurisdiction of an approving faculty member; may include independent research studies in technical or specialized problems; selection and analysis of specified readings; development of a creative project; or field experiences. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

501 Seminar in the Teaching of Writing: Methodology of Composition 3 Development of a workable definition of the methods of composing through a review of relevant research and problem-solving exercises. Typically offered Fall.

502 Seminar in the Teaching of Writing: Contemporary Theories 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 501. Contemporary theories of composition and their application to the classroom. Typically offered Spring.

506 Seminar in 16th Century English Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours.

507 Shakespeare 3 Plays, poems, criticism, and background materials. Typically offered Fall.

508 Seminar in Assessment of Writing 3 Problems involved in the diagnosis and assessment of student writing. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

509 Seminar in Classical Rhetoric and its Influences 3 Study of GREEK and Roman rhetorical theories and their influences. Typically offered Fall.

510 Backgrounds of American Literature 3 Studies of American writing in cultural contexts.

511 Seminar in 17th and 18th Century American Literature 3 Typically offered Spring.

512 Introduction to Graduate Study 3 Typically offered Fall.

514 Seminar in 20th Century American Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Typically offered Spring.

515 Contemporary Theories of Rhetoric 3 Contemporary critical theory and cultural studies and reconsiderations of suasive discursive practices. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

521 Seminar in British Romantic Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

522 Seminar in Victorian Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Typically offered Spring.

525 Seminar in English Literature of the 17th Century 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Typically offered Spring.

527 Seminar in English Literature of the Restoration and 18th Century 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

529 Seminar in 19th Century American Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Typically offered Fall.

531 Administering a Writing Program 3 Combining theory and practice in writing program supervision and management. Interns will work under direct faculty supervision. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

532 Teaching Writing to Nontraditional Students 3 Course Prerequisite: ENGLISH 501. Theory and practice of the teaching of basic writers. Typically offered Fall.

534 Theories and Methods of the Teaching of Technical and Professional Writing 3 Historical and theoretical bases for production of scientific discourse; training in its practical applications. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

543 Phonology 3 Technical introductions to the analysis of the sound systems of human languages. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 443 and 543. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Fall. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

544 Syntax 3 Technical introduction to the generative analysis of sentence structure with a focus on English. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 444 and 544. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Spring.

546 Topics in Teaching English as a Second Language 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Topics and controversies related to second language acquisition theory and pedagogy. Typically offered Spring. Cooperative: Open to UI degree-seeking students.

548 Seminar in Critical and Cultural Theory 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Critical and cultural theory relevant to advanced literary studies and /or the advanced study of rhetoric and composition. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

549 Seminar in 20th Century British Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Typically offered Fall.

550 Seminar in Poetry or Non-fiction Prose 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Historical and generic studies in poetry and non-fiction prose. Typically offered Fall.

554 History of the English Language 3 Language related to the origin, history, and literature of its speakers. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 454 and ENGLISH 554. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Spring.

560 Critical Theories, Methods, and Practice in Digital Humanities 3 History, theory, and practice of digital humanities, with attention paid to how digital humanities are transforming disciplinary knowledge. (Crosslisted course offered as ENGLISH 560, DTC 560).

561 Studies in Technology and Culture 3 Foundation examination of key concepts, tools, and possibilities afforded by engaging with technology through a critical cultural lens. (Crosslisted course offered as DTC 561, ENGLISH 561).

567 Seminar in Prose Fiction 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Historical and generic studies of prose fiction.

573 Seminar in American Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 12 hours. Major topics and figures. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

580 Seminar in Medieval Literature 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. The literature of western Europe from 450 to 1500. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

584 English Literature of the 16th Century 3 Advanced study of English Renaissance literature, including More, Sidney, Spenser, Marlowe, and Shakespeare, in age of Humanism and Reformation. Credit not granted for both ENGLISH 484 and ENGLISH 584. Offered at 400 and 500 level. Typically offered Spring.

590 Research in English Studies 1 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Directed reading and interpretive problems in English studies. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

591 Topics in Pedagogy 3 Theory and practice of designing and teaching courses in literature, rhetoric, composition, theory, or cultural studies. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

595 Topics in English 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Language, English pedagogy, or literature of special or current interest; reading theories, teaching of writing, current literary theories. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer.

597 Topics in Composition and Rhetoric 3 May be repeated for credit; cumulative maximum 6 hours. Rhetoric and composition theory and praxis. Typically offered Fall and Spring.

598 Teaching Apprenticeship 1 May be repeated for credit. Typically offered Fall and Spring. S, F grading.

600 Special Projects or Independent Study V 1-18 May be repeated for credit. Independent study, special projects, and/or internships. Students must have graduate degree-seeking status and should check with their major advisor before enrolling in 600 credit, which cannot be used toward the core graded credits required for a graduate degree. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, F grading.

700 Master's Research, Thesis, and/or Examination V 1-18 May be repeated for credit. Independent research and advanced study for students working on their master's research, thesis and/or final examination. Students must have graduate degree-seeking status and should check with their major advisor/committee chair before enrolling for 700 credit. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, U grading.

702 Master's Special Problems, Directed Study, and/or Examination V 1-18 May be repeated for credit. Independent research in special problems, directed study, and/or examination credit for students in a non-thesis master's degree program. Students must have graduate degree-seeking status and should check with their major advisor/committee chair before enrolling for 702 credit. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, U grading.

800 Doctoral Research, Dissertation, and/or Examination V 1-18 May be repeated for credit. Independent research and advanced study for students working on their doctoral research, dissertation and/or final examination. Students must have graduate degree-seeking status and should check with their major advisor/committee chair before enrolling for 800 credit. Typically offered Fall, Spring, and Summer. S, U grading.

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